Emphasizing the importance of education and awareness, experts point out that 9 out of 10 tobacco users start smoking before the age of 18.
According to the data, every year more than 7 million people die from diseases directly related to tobacco use, and 1.2 million people die from passive smoking due to exposure to cigarette smoke even though they do not use tobacco products.
WHO experts warn that more than 40 million young people between the ages of 13-15 have started using tobacco products.
“Promise to quit”
Every year, under the leadership of WHO, 31 May is celebrated as “World No Tobacco Day” in order to raise awareness about the health hazards of tobacco products and to encourage smoking cessation.
“Promise to quit” is the theme for 2021 to advocate for policies to support those who want to quit smoking on “World No Tobacco Day” and to raise awareness of the cigarette industry’s selling methods.
It is estimated that there are 1.3 billion tobacco product users worldwide.
It is stated that 80 percent of tobacco product users live in low- and middle-income countries.
In these countries, health problems caused by tobacco products pose a serious burden to both the health system and the economy.
Covid-19 is the main reason to stop using tobacco products
“Smokers have a higher risk of contracting COVID-19 and dying from the disease.” The article also draws attention to the new type of coronavirus (Kovid-19).
Scientific research also points out that smokers are more vulnerable to Covid-19 than non-smokers.
People with cardiovascular and respiratory tract and cancer patients due to smoking are in the first steps in the Kovid-19 risk group.
On the other hand, when passive smoking, which is seen as the second most important cause of diseases caused by tobacco products, does not cause death, it causes many health problems, especially respiratory tract and heart diseases.
While almost half of the child population worldwide is exposed to air polluted by tobacco smoke in public spaces, 65,000 children die every year due to diseases related to secondhand smoking.
China is the world’s tobacco products production and consumption center.
China ranks first in both consumption and production of tobacco products in the world. While it is known that more than 300 million people use tobacco products in the country, this number corresponds to approximately 30 percent of tobacco product users all over the world.
In the country where 26.6 percent of the population over the age of 15 use tobacco products, more than 1 million people die from smoking-related diseases every year.
In China, where passive smoking is also common, more than 700 million people are thought to be exposed to cigarette smoke at least once a day.
About 100 thousand people die in the country every year due to passive smoking.
It is feared that if smoking habits continue, the death toll from tobacco products will double.
Smoke-free policies deliver positive results
According to data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, smoke-free policies make a significant contribution to quitting tobacco products.
According to the data, an average of 6.4 percent increase in smoking cessation rates can be achieved thanks to smoke-free policies implemented in workplaces.
Research indicates that there is a decrease in hospital admissions due to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases in areas where smoke-free policies are implemented.
Some studies point out that the cotinine level in the blood, which increases due to exposure to cigarette smoke in passive smokers, decreases by up to 85 percent in a short period of 2 months following the implementation of the policies.
It is also stated that smoke-free policies have reduced the use of tobacco products among young people.
Electronic cigarettes are not innocent
60 percent of smokers declare that they want to get rid of their addiction. For this reason, the rate of systems that provide electronic nicotine as a method, or electronic cigarette users, as it is known, is increasing.
On the other hand, it is stated that the aerosols contained in electronic cigarettes contain toxic substances and can cause serious respiratory diseases and cancer.
It is stated that electronic cigarette companies, which aim to attract young people with interesting packaging and flavors, encourage young people to use tobacco.
It is also noted that illegally obtained electronic cigarette devices are becoming widespread among young people, and it is stated that this may cause nicotine addiction in young people.
Illegal tobacco trade
One in 10 tobacco products worldwide is obtained illegally.
Illegal cigarette trade, which is among the financing methods of crime and terrorist organizations, is considered by many countries as an important topic among national security problems.