The benefits it provides to the body rather than the functions of the kidneys do not end with counting. Touching on the importance of protecting the kidneys, which are such a vital organ, and keeping them healthy, Anadolu Medical Center Internal Diseases and Nephrology Specialist Assoc. Dr. Enes Murat Atasoyu “In addition, our kidneys produce hormones that regulate blood pressure (such as renin, angiotensin) and a hormone (erythropoietin) that stimulates red blood cell production in the bone marrow; activates vitamin D, which regulates calcium and bone metabolism; After the insulin hormone, which adjusts the blood sugar level, completes its function, it is destroyed in the kidneys.
As a result, kidneys have vital functions for our bodies to survive in a healthy way. For this reason, we must take measures to protect this natural protection mechanism of our body, thus our health ”and made important warnings…
People who regularly do exercises such as walking, jogging, and cycling both have a vigorous body and get rid of excess weight. Thus, damage to the kidneys caused by diseases such as diabetes and hypertension can be prevented. Diabetes takes the first place among the diseases that cause chronic kidney disease. Today, the cause of kidney failure in 30-40 percent of patients on dialysis treatment is kidney damage due to diabetes.
With proper medication, diet and exercise program, the blood sugar level and blood pressure can be kept within normal limits and the kidneys can be protected from the negative effects of diabetes. In addition, people who have the risk of developing diabetes (overweight, low mobility, family diabetes, etc.) have their blood glucose measured once a year, which can ensure early detection of diabetes and effective treatment initiation without delay.
Stating that in addition to diabetes, hypertension may also be a factor leading to chronic kidney disease, Assoc. Dr. Enes Murat Atasoyu stated that the progression of kidney disease accelerates as the blood pressure is high and said: In the presence of resistant hypertension, the cause may be chronic kidney disease. Today, hypertension is very effective in the development and progression of chronic kidney disease in individuals with or without diabetes. The prevalence of hypertension is higher in individuals with chronic kidney disease compared to the general population.
A healthy diet prevents the development of hypertension, chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular diseases. One of the most important rules of a healthy diet is to reduce salt consumption. For this, it will be beneficial not to have a salt shaker on the table and to sweeten the dishes with spices and herbs (mint, thyme, etc.). The World Health Organization reports that the amount of salt that should be taken in a day is 5 grams. However, the average daily salt consumption in our country is around 18 grams. It is important to prefer fresh foods in the nutrition program and to rinse canned foods (such as vegetables, legumes, meat, fish) before they are consumed in terms of reducing salt intake.
According to scientific opinion, 1.5-2 liters of water consumption per day is necessary for health. According to the researchers, adequate fluid consumption reduces the risk of developing chronic kidney disease. Smoking causes a decrease in renal blood flow. When the blood flow decreases, the kidney cannot filter enough and waste materials accumulate in the body. Over-the-counter medications can cause kidney damage, sometimes regardless of the dose and duration used. If you have one or more high risk factors, you should have your kidney function checked once a year. It would be beneficial for individuals who are diabetic, hypertensive, overweight-obese, and have kidney disease in one of their family members to apply to a specialist and have the tests planned by the doctor in terms of chronic kidney disease.
Apart from diabetic and hypertensive patients, there is a risk of developing kidney disease in patients with advanced age (older than 60 years), continuous antirheumatic or chemotherapy drugs, and those with a family history of kidney disease. Significant advances have been made in recent years in dialysis and kidney transplantation treatments that enable patients with advanced stage renal failure to hold on to life.
The fact that patients can receive hemodialysis treatment in addition to peritoneal dialysis at their homes has increased the comfort of life of the dialysis patient. In addition, thanks to the developing nanotechnology, the development of a hemodialysis device large enough for the patient to carry on has progressed considerably. In addition, successful kidney transplantation has been a hope for many patients awaiting kidneys, even though the donor’s blood type is not suitable in kidney transplant treatment.
False: Milk, yogurt, cheese cause excessive calcium intake and kidney stones occur.
Right: Consumption of calcium-containing foods in a balanced diet (such as a glass of skimmed milk, a small bowl of yogurt, a medium-thick slice of cheese for a healthy and normal activity person) prevents stone formation.
False: Starting the medication immediately after the diagnosis of hypertension causes the development of immunity to the drugs in the future and the drugs damage the kidneys.
True: From the moment hypertension is detected, both lifestyle changes (such as avoiding smoking, restricting salt consumption, losing weight) and – if the doctor deems appropriate – drug treatment should be initiated. Uncontrolled hypertension seriously affects heart, vascular and kidney health over time.
Cabbage, cauliflower, red pepper, garlic, onion, apple, cranberry, blueberry, raspberry, strawberry, cherry, black grape, egg white, fish and olive oil.