Today, yellow spot disease is seen in one out of 4 people, especially in people over the age of 60, and in one out of every 2 people in the 85 age group. The macula is the region behind the eye that allows us to see details.
Thanks to the macula, we can read and examine. However, when the macula is not working well, we see blurry and dark rather than clear. Although it is commonly known that yellow spot disease does not result in complete blindness, it can cause vision loss to prevent people from doing their own work alone. Often, this loss is in love with which they will have difficulty in watching television, driving, and reading and writing.
There are more than one type of yellow spot disease
There are two different types of yellow spot disease. One of them is dry macular degeneration and the other is wet type macular degeneration.
Dry macular degeneration is the most common type. It develops due to aging. Since it progresses slowly over time, the loss of vision is less.
Wet macular degeneration is seen in 10% of people with yellow spot disease. It occurs as a result of abnormal vascularization at the back of the eye. This abnormal vascularity causes bleeding and sudden vision loss occurs. In this type of degeneration, vision loss is experienced suddenly and at a serious level.
Symptoms can vary from person to person
Symptoms of yellow spot disease can vary from person to person. While in some cases severe vision loss is experienced, in some cases vision loss may not be experienced at all. It is a difficult disease to diagnose in the early period, but if you experience the following symptoms, you should definitely consult a specialist;
– Dark dark zone formation at the point you focus on, darkening zone in the middle of the visual field
– Inability to see the lines straight, seeing crooked or broken lines in the point you focus on
– Seeing colors pale, not vibrant
Known risk factors are; Genetic factors include excessive and continuous sun exposure, hypertension, age 65 and over, and yellow spot disease in one eye.
Diagnosis of yellow spot disease
Early diagnosis of yellow spot disease is extremely easy thanks to the latest technology devices. As with any disease, a specialist physician will be able to make the diagnosis from your history and symptoms and will be able to determine the subtype of the disease with the examinations to be performed. If diagnosed early, existing vision loss is mostly irreversible, but its progression can be slowed. Regular eye examination is also of great importance in the diagnosis of yellow spot disease.
Treatment methods vary according to the type. It is recommended to use medicines containing vitamins and minerals necessary for the eye for regular doctor control and supplementary purposes in dry type yellow spot disease.
In wet type yellow spot disease, it is possible to reverse vision loss with injections into the eye, if the swelling has just occurred. With appropriate treatment, the progression of vision loss can be stopped or slowed down. At this stage, the type of drug to be administered as an injection into the eye may vary and the frequency of application is decided by the physician according to the patient.