What is Throat Inflammation?
The mucous membrane covering this anatomical structure is fortunately equipped with important defensive means that make it possible to protect it against attackers on a daily basis. But sometimes, this mucous membrane is outdated and inflames, causing a sore throat.
Whatever the source of this inflammation is, it is pharyngitis. However, the upper airway lining creates a continuity from the nose to the larynx and trachea. Therefore, pharyngitis, especially in children, often takes the form of nasopharyngitis or can spread to cause laryngitis and even tracheitis. But fortunately most of the time pharyngitis is benign and remains localized when treated without delay.
Causes Sore Throat?
Almost all acute pharyngitis is contagious and at least 90% are viral. In these cases, symptomatic therapy may be sufficient and, above all, antibiotics are not only useless, but are definitely not recommended for limiting resistance.
Sore throats are a common reason for a consultation. It is more of a symptom than a disease in itself. It can be widespread or localized in the tonsils, pharynx or larynx. This is inflammation of the throat tissues (pharynx). Swallowing, talking, and even breathing can become painful. In tonsil damage (tonsillitis), the pain is more localized and is present in one or both tonsils, causing difficulty swallowing. Pain can also spread to the ear.
How Does Throat Inflammation Go?
There are various treatments available to alleviate a sore throat. Most of the time, a viral sore throat goes away on its own within 2-3 days. Beyond that, if it persists, but without any other symptoms (no fever), you don’t need to worry because it can take up to a week for the flu virus to exit the body.
Over-the-counter medications can help relieve the pain and discomfort caused by a sore throat.
The purpose of these treatments is not to cure the cause of the sore throat, but to relieve the patient. Therefore, symptomatic treatment is complementary to the treatment of the cause of the sore throat.
To relieve pain and fever, we can recommend analgesics such as paracetamol, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, in the absence of contraindications, for a short time, and if the sore throat appears viral (they have been accused of promoting).
How to Treat Throat Inflammation?
Topical mouthwashes, lozenges to absorb, mouthwashes or mouthwashes with antiseptics can be used. Warm milk with added honey or a combination of honey and lemon has pleasant properties as well as antiseptic. In case of fever, you should compensate for dehydration by drinking plenty of it. Dry air can be combated with humidifiers. If the sore throat is caused by a strep-like bacterium, the doctor will prescribe an antibiotic to relieve acute symptoms more quickly but prevent some rare but serious complications in particular.
Sore throat not associated with an infection requires specific treatment, removal or limitation of irritants, treatment of an allergy or gastroesophageal reflux disease, or a throat tumor. If the sore throat is caused by a strep-like bacterium, the doctor will prescribe an antibiotic to relieve acute symptoms more quickly, but especially to prevent some rare but serious complications. Sore throat not associated with an infection requires specific treatment, removal or limitation of irritants, treatment of an allergy or gastroesophageal reflux disease, or a throat tumor. Gargle with warm salt water (1/2 teaspoon salt in 1 glass of water), but if you are around, this is more of a preventative treatment.