Stool is known as a substance that is excreted from the body as a result of the activities of the excretory system mechanisms. Excretion of food wastes as faeces is essential for maintaining the internal balance in a healthy and effective manner.

What is stool?

Stool is the name given to the part of the food we eat that is removed from the body together with bile and other body wastes after digestion in our stomach and intestinal system and absorption of necessary substances for the body. Stool is popularly known as “stool, ablution, poop”. Although it is used synonymously with stool in the clinic, stool also includes the medical term “feces”, which is used for the food and waste mixture in the gastrointestinal tract. Stool formation, which indicates that the organs and mechanisms involved in excretion are functioning properly, is an indicator of the health of the person.

Why is the Stool Test Done?

The stool test is performed with the main purposes of examining the stool in detail, obtaining important data values ​​related to the related diseases due to various changes in the stool content, and helping to plan the treatment correctly by diagnosing some diseases. Thanks to the stool test, important parameters such as the consistency, color and smell of the stool, as well as the characteristics of the food waste present in it, the types and amounts of microorganisms, and the bile content are examined.

The stool test is one of the effective methods used to diagnose many disorders in the body. Compared with other laboratory tests, it is among the tests with high accuracy, reliable and precise results. With the help of a doctor or clinician who knows the method and stages of the stool test, the necessary sample for the test is collected by taking a stool sample from the patient.

How Is Fecal Incontinence (Incontinence) Treated?

Stool incontinence (Incontinence); It occurs as a situation where gas extraction and defecation cannot be controlled. In the mild course of the disease, only gas incontinence is seen. In the later stages, stool incontinence can be observed in liquid or solid form. It stands out as a more common disease in children and women. Stool incontinence is a condition that mostly occurs after childbirth, surgery or inflammation. In its treatment, first of all, attention is paid to the hygiene of the damaged area. Then a correct and beneficial diet is created under expert control. If there is a tear in the muscles, surgical intervention may be required.

What Are Other Diseases Related to Stool?

Stool is a substance that generally occurs in the large intestines. For this reason, diseases that occur in the intestines are events that affect the formation of stool. The symptoms and diagnosis of the diseases are necessary for the initiation of the treatment process. Other stool related diseases other than stool incontinence; diarrhea (diarrhea), constipation (constipation), seen as Crohn’s disease.

What is Crohn’s Disease?

Crohn’s disease; It is a less-known ailment than common stool-related diseases such as diarrhea and constipation. Crohn’s disease is generally localized in the small intestine, but refers to an inflammatory condition that occurs anywhere in the digestive tract. Crohn’s disease, which is more common in women than in men, occurs between the ages of 35 and 40. The disease, the main symptoms of which are abdominal pain, diarrhea and nausea, significantly reduces people’s quality of life.

The effects of the disease, which is not completely cured, can be reduced with drugs and medical diet. Surgical methods can be applied for people with Crohn’s disease who do not respond to drug treatment. It is very important to diagnose the disease and follow its course under the control of a doctor in terms of applying the right treatment methods.

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