What is sedimentation?
Sedimentation is a blood value used to detect immune system diseases and to understand inflammation in the body. Sedimentation generally; The SED rate is expressed with the help of different abbreviations such as ESR or Sedim.
The sedimentation value is determined by examining the blood values. The sedimentation value is determined when the red blood cells in the test tube fall to the bottom of the tube. The increase in inflammation in the blood causes the sedimentation value to increase. In other words, the higher the precipitation rate in the tube, the higher the level of inflammation in the blood and the disease in the individual. Therefore, a low sedimentation rate means a low level of disease in individuals.
Diseases that develop in the form of inflammation in the body cause the red blood cells in the blood to become heavier and collapse. The high rate of red blood cells that get heavier and settle to the bottom due to abnormal proteins in the blood ensures a high sedimentation rate.
What should be the sedimentation value in the blood?
There is an ideal range used when measuring sedimentation values in blood. If the sedimentation rate in individuals is higher than these ideal values, it means that the level of inflammation and disease is also higher. The sedimentation value is expected to be 8 for women and 5 for men. The sedimentation rate may be slightly higher in the elderly. The ideal sedimentation rates that healthy individuals should have are as follows:
Women older than 50 years, 0 – 30 mm/hour
0 – 20 mm/hour in men older than 50 years
Women younger than 50 years, 0 – 20 mm/hour
In men younger than 50 years, 0 – 15 mm/hour
In children, 0 – 10 mm/hour
In newborn babies, 0 – 2 mm/hour
What is High Sedimentation and Low Sedimentation?
Sedimentation height is a value that indicates the high rate of inflammation in the body. This inflammation can occur due to various diseases. Inflammation can occur in a short-term acute or long-term chronic form. Low sedimentation is the value showing that there is no inflammation in the body. However, not every disease that develops in the body occurs in the form of inflammation. Many diseases such as liver-related diseases, high blood sugar and kidney diseases do not cause an increase in the sedimentation value in the blood.
The sedimentation rate is a value that can be very low in newborn babies. It is normal for this value to be higher in the elderly. In cases where blood production is increased, such as viral diseases or polycythemia, the sedimentation rate is expected to slow down. Some drugs used may also cause some changes in sedimentation values and speed. For this reason, detailed examination on this subject should be carried out by specialist physicians.
How is Sedimentation Height Treated?
The state of sedimentation elevation is a situation that is understood as a result of blood values measured by a specialist internist. As a result of comprehensive tests, if there is a disease or inflammation that causes high sedimentation in the body, the treatment of these diseases or inflammations is started with the recommendation of the specialist doctor. Treating the disease and inflammation ensures that the sedimentation value in the blood is reduced to the ideal level.
In addition to medical interventions, there are some treatment methods that people with high sedimentation rate in blood can apply in their daily lives. Among these methods; doing sports regularly, consuming plenty of fluids, eating foods rich in Omega 3 and Omega 6, regulating sleeping habits and consuming anti-inflammatory foods such as lemon, onion, garlic, ginger, and turmeric. Having a regular life and making healthy eating and drinking habits can prevent inflammation and diseases in the body.