What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoclasis; It is the condition that the mineral density in the bones decreases and they become easily broken. Although osteoporosis, known as osteoporosis, affects all bones in the body, it mostly affects the wrist, hip and spine bones. Osteoporosis is a skeletal system disease. However, it is most common in people aged 45 and over. It is more common in women than men.
Injuries and fractures resulting from osteoporosis become very serious. In osteoporosis, the resistance of the bone to impacts decreases. It is possible for fractures to occur in very simple falls or impacts. Calcium should be taken from an early age to avoid osteoporosis.
What Are the Symptoms of Osteoporosis?
The symptoms of osteoporosis will be listed as follows;
– Neck pain,
– Back pain developing in the spine bones,
– Diffuse bone pain
– tenderness in bones,
– Shortening of the neck,
– Hump body shape,
– Fractures that occur easily,
– Fracture formation in bones such as wrist, spine, hip,
– Deformity in the body due to melting in the bones,
– Symptoms such as the patient’s immobility due to fractures and pain are among the symptoms of osteoporosis.
The goal of osteoporosis treatment; It is to prevent bone fractures by increasing bone density and strength or reducing bone loss. The earlier osteoporosis is detected and treated, the more positive effects on the patient’s bone health will be increased. The cure for osteoporosis is never a complete cure. It is very difficult for the bone weakened by osteoporosis to fully regain its former health. Therefore, prevention of osteoporosis will be as important as treatment. In terms of bone health; Performing activities such as reducing excessive alcohol consumption, quitting smoking, exercising constantly, getting enough calcium, eating a balanced diet and taking vitamin D will contribute to the positive effects of bone health.
What Are Osteoporosis Risk Factors?
Risk factors related to osteoporosis; It is divided into two as modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. It is very important to pay attention to the changed risk factors in the treatment of the disease and the prevention of fractures.
Modified risk factors:
– Nutritional problems,
– Drinking too much alcohol
– Insufficient intake of vitamin D
– Nutritional problems,
– excessive weight loss
– Frequent falls
– Conditions such as low calcium intake are risk factors that can be changed.
Non-modifiable risk factors:
– Celiac patients,
– Surgery of the uterus,
– family history,
– Chron patients,
– Those with rheumatoid arthritis,
– Individuals with previous fractures,
– People with thyroid diseases,
– Cancer patients,
– People with kidney stones,
– COPD patients,
– Individuals with asthma are in the risk group that cannot be changed.
Recommended Diet for the Prevention of Osteoporosis and Considerations
In order to prevent osteoporosis, it is important to pay attention to some issues. The most important thing for this is the diet. First of all, it should be considered that vitamin D and calcium should be taken adequately. Calcium is not only found in milk and dairy products, but also in the content of green leafy vegetables. The recommended plan for daily calcium needs; It consists of 1 bowl of yogurt, 1 glass of milk, 1 plate of green leafy vegetables and 1 slice of cheese.
The most important factor to be considered here is that some foods will interact with calcium and reduce the absorption of calcium from the body. Calcium absorption is impaired as a result of simultaneous intake of foods such as beets and spinach that contain high amounts of oxalate and that have high values in terms of phytate, such as broad beans and cereals.
To get vitamin D, it will be enough to benefit from sunlight. Only 15 minutes of sunlight during the day is sufficient for vitamin D intake. However, in terms of skin, the body’s production of vitamin D decreases with increasing age. Therefore, it is very important to consume foods rich in vitamin D such as egg yolk and fish.