What is Intestinal Infection?
It can be acute or chronic, affect different parts of the intestines, and have many origins. It is important to know how to recognize them to avoid the risk of complications.
Intestinal inflammation is a reaction of the immune system at the level of the intestinal wall. It is caused by an overactive immune system. Depending on its origin and development, it can be thought of as:
● Acute inflammation of the intestines when sudden and temporary,
● Chronic inflammatory bowel disease when the inflammation of the bowel continues.
In most cases, gastrointestinal infections resolve spontaneously and disappear within days. They can be serious in healthcare facilities and certain populations such as newborns, young children, immunocompromised patients and the elderly.
Gastrointestinal infections can be caused by bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Clinical symptoms are almost the same. Therefore, determining the pathogenic cause is difficult, if not impossible, in terms of clinical features alone. In these settings, rapid diagnosis, appropriate treatment, and infection control are important measures.
What are the Symptoms of Intestinal Infection?
Acute inflammation of the intestines is usually caused by infection. This can be of viral, bacterial or parasitic origin. This is especially the case in gastroenteritis, which is usually caused by an infection of viral origin.
The causes of chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are less well known. Several parameters may be involved. Based on current scientific data, there is a genetic predisposition to certain IBDs such as ulcerative colitis. Crohn’s disease, bad eating habits, smoking, pollution, consumption of contaminated food, etc. It may be caused by a number of risk factors such as.
Depending on the origin, severity and course of the inflammation, it can manifest with different symptoms such as:
● abdominal pain,
● A feeling of heaviness in the stomach,
● Digestive disorders,
● Diarrhea that can sometimes be seen with traces of blood,
● Anal fissure or abscess formation in the anal area.
How to Treat Intestinal Infection?
Treatment primarily depends on the cause and cause of the bowel inflammation. Additional examinations may be done to deepen or confirm a diagnosis. Different treatments can be applied depending on the diagnosis.
Certain medications such as antibiotics, immunosuppressants, anti-diarrhea, and antispasmodics may be prescribed specifically. In the case of chronic inflammatory bowel disease, regular medical monitoring is essential to limit the risk of complications.
Some intestinal inflammation can be prevented by limiting risk factors. It is especially important to adopt a healthy lifestyle and good eating habits. Patients present with fatigue and sometimes fever. Inflammatory condition; Food malabsorption may also be responsible for anemia, the presence of fat in the stool, vitamin deficiencies, and protein leakage, which can lead to malnutrition with weight loss and edema.
Who Are Among the Risk Factors in Intestinal Inflammation?
Intestinal inflammation can occur at any age. However, it appears that there are more cases of chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in people between the ages of 20 and 40. While Crohn’s disease is usually diagnosed in people between the ages of 20 and 30, ulcerative colitis is mainly diagnosed in adults between the ages of 30 and 40.
If there is no treatment to cure these diseases, available drugs often allow permanent control and a satisfactory quality of life outside of attacks. In addition, various research pathways are being explored to further improve patient care.
Its origin appears to stem from the complex combination of environmental factors associated with the patient’s genetic susceptibility and specific reactivity of the immune system. In Crohn’s disease, inflammation can affect all parts of the digestive system (from the mouth to the anus), but is mostly localized in the gut.