Hydrocephalus, which starts in the mother’s womb before birth and can occur with midline anomalies, can cause head circumference to grow because the skull bones have not yet closed. Transferring information about the symptoms and treatment methods of hydrocephalus, Dr. Lecturer Member Alev Güner stated that the main principle in treatment is to utilize medical or surgical applications to stop the cause that started the event and to reduce the high pressure.
“CAN BE DEVELOPED NATURALLY AND ACQUIRELY”
Stating that hydrocephalus can develop congenitally and acquired, Dr. Lecturer Member Alev Güner said, “It is a medical term that indicates the increase in volume and pressure of the cerebrospinal fluid produced from special structures in the brain tissue and transferred from the structures surrounding the brain tissue to the venous system. It can develop congenitally and acquired. “There are two main types called occlusive and related” he said.
Dr. Güner stated that the examination of Hydrocephalus disease can develop in three ways with the increase in pressure and volume, “The change that increases the production (such as choroid plexus papilloma), the obstacle in the cerebrospinal fluid circulation pathways can be congenital and acquired. Fluid flow is blocked by infection or tumor development. “There is a situation that prevents the absorption of cerebrospinal fluid, that is, a previous Central Nervous System infection or a vascular disorder that will cause subarachnoid hemorrhage.”
“IT MAY CAUSE GROWTH OF HEAD ENVIRONMENT”
Stating that hydrocephalus, which starts in the mother’s womb before birth and may be associated with midline development anomalies, may cause the head circumference to grow because the skull bones have not yet closed. Alev Güner said, “This situation is easily detected by ultrasound during pregnancy follow-up. He said that infection, bleeding, or tumoral developments that put pressure on the cerebrospinal fluid circulation pathways before the skull bones fully unite after birth can cause hydrocephalus and cause enlargement of the head, ”he said.
“BEWARE OF HEAD AND PAIN AND VOMITING”
Stating that other visible changes in children are the crossing of the eyes or the constant downward gaze as the ‘setting sun’ and are easily noticed, Güner said, “During the pre-speech period, children constantly move their hands towards their heads due to headache. Vomiting may occur during this period. These vomits are generally frequent and gushing and are not directly related to nutrition. In these cases, the width of the brain cavities can be easily determined by ultrasound. Since the increase in intracranial pressure will not lead to enlargement of the head circumference after the skull bones are closed, headache, vomiting and cross eyes are more prominent. “The increase in cerebrospinal fluid pressure causes various changes by preventing the development of brain tissue.”
“DRUGS CAN BE USEFUL IN LIMITED CASES”
Stating that the strictures that prevent the flow of Cerebrospinal Fluid are related to the structures with anatomical cavities, Dr. Alev Güner said, “In adulthood, the reasons are almost the same. Strictures that prevent Cerebrospinal Fluid flow are related to structures with anatomical cavities. The diagnostic method is computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. The main principle in treatment is to use medical or surgical applications to stop the cause that started the event and to reduce the high pressure. Drugs that reduce cerebrospinal fluid production may be useful in limited situations. In surgical treatment, it is the main principle to provide a conduction system (Shunt application) that will transfer the fluid with increased pressure to another part of the body or to connect the high-pressure fluid to the conduction system of the brain with low pressure by surgically combining the anatomical pathways.