Salt, one of the indispensable table foods, is vital for the normal functioning of the body. Salt provides acid-base balance, controls blood pressure and is an essential mineral for the nervous-muscular system.
Its high level of use causes hypertension as well as adversely affecting the kidneys, eye and bone health. The daily salt consumption of a healthy individual should be 5 grams, or less than about a teaspoon. 9-12 grams, while this figure in the world and in Turkey rises to 18 grams. What is meant as salt is the mineral sodium chloride.
Apart from the salt that we personally add to what we eat, there are plenty of ready-made foods, flavorings, biscuits, soft drinks and soda. Therefore, during the day, we take more sodium chloride than our body needs.
Some elderly people do not consume any salt because of blood pressure disease. These patients often lose a lot of salt due to the diuretic effect of their blood pressure medication. This is very common, especially in people aged 70 and over. In fact, the number of patients admitted to the hospital with loss of consciousness and diagnosed with low sodium is also quite high.
Low sodium can occur in the elderly due to various hormonal reasons, brain tumors and kidney diseases. Patients should definitely get information from their physicians about how much salt should be consumed.
Artificial salt preparations contain potassium instead of sodium. These preparations, which are considered to be harmless, are used in high doses, and there is a risk of causing serious conditions such as heart rhythm disturbance, sudden cardiac arrest, muscle spasm and cramps, disorders in the adrenal gland by causing high potassium levels. Therefore, it is necessary to be careful while consuming.
Himalayan and rock salt, which has been heard frequently in recent years and is stated to be healthy, is not more useful than table salt. Especially Himalayan salts contain minerals other than sodium chloride. These salts can be carcinogenic since some of them have radioactive effects. In addition, because the iodine amount in these salts is insufficient, it also increases the risk of thyroid cancer.