What is Gangrene?
Gangrene is a serious health problem and is a loss characterized by softening, drying, shrinkage and darkening of the tissue caused by insufficient blood supply or mechanical or thermal damage. This loss can be seen in almost all organs. The most common tissues and organs are arm, leg, appendix and small intestine.
It is a health problem that is often mistakenly described as gangrene among the public.
Gangrene can be briefly expressed as tissue death resulting from blood supply disorder. In case of gangrene problem, the skin is predominantly affected, so it can be easily seen from the outside with the naked eye. It can occur in two different ways as dry or wet gangrene. The type expressed as age gangrene can manifest itself in the form of a discharge leg ulcer.
Why Does Gangrene Happen?
The final tissue death resulting in gangrene is caused by a lack of sufficient blood flow, especially to areas where the event has developed. This means that it is not possible for the skin and other tissues to be supplied with oxygen and nutrients.
The disorder present in the blood circulation; It manifests itself as a result of congestion, injury, bacterial infections that occur in the blood vessels. As a result of swelling in some organs in the body, the veins are blocked, and consequently, the blocking of blood flow leads to gangrene.
Some health problems and conditions such as diabetes mellitus, alcohol addiction, obesity, peripheral vascular disease, some tumors and HIV can also cause gangrene. Smoking, drug use and an unhealthy lifestyle are among the important factors that predispose to the development of gangrene.
Gangrene can occur as a side effect of chemotherapy or radiotherapy treatments applied for the treatment of cancer disease. An extremely poor diet in terms of protein and vitamins can be considered as another reason.
How Does Gangrene Go?
Smoking and alcohol consumption are stopped in order to solve the problem of gangrene. If the blood pressure is at a high level, it is treated and kept at a healthy value. Gangrene or diabetic foot is a health problem that should only be treated by healthcare professionals trained in this field. In this context, along with the treatment for the cause of gangrene, dead tissue pieces are removed using the surgical method. In advanced cases, the gangrene is passed through by cutting the toes, foot or the entire lower leg.
How is Gangrene Treatment Done?
In the treatment of gangrene, it is applied primarily by treating the cause of the problem. These include applications such as adjusting the blood sugar level appropriately, reaching body weight and normal blood lipid levels, and treatment if there is an infection.
What are the Symptoms of Gangrene?
Gangrene is among the health problems that can manifest itself with some symptoms. Here are the symptoms of gangrene:
- – In the initial phase, redness, swelling and inflammation are seen on the skin.
- – Often a bad smelling discharge is observed due to the inflammation.
- – Severe pain and loss of sensation as well as foreign body sensation in the skin area.
Age gangrene can be described as a black boil surrounded by thin, fragile skin. If this type of gangrene is not treated, severe pain, weakness, and fever are seen in the affected area. Untreated age gangrene results in sepsis, which is popularly known as blood poisoning.
– When dry gangrene develops, hairy areas occur on the feet. In such a case, the upper skin often becomes covered by a callus that feels cold and hard to the touch. In the last stage of the disease, the skin turns a dark color and eventually dies. The severity of the pain felt in the initial phase becomes lighter and the area affected by gangrene turns into a paralyzed and cold appearance.
Possible gangrene symptoms in the feet manifest themselves as cold and discolored feet. Wounds caused by dead cellular areas on the toes and discharge ulcers on the skin. Age gangrene can cause inflammation and itching. In the case of dry gangrene, itching is often more severe.
How Is Gangrene Diagnosed?
The diagnosis of gangrene is made as a result of the examination of the affected area, angiography and doppler examination of the blood vessels.