What is flatfoot?
Flatfoot is characterized by an overhanging arch of the foot and a nonexistent inner foot arch. This problem usually causes the foot to turn outward while walking. If you have little or no curvature in the arch of your foot and you feel pain in your feet or joints when you stand up, it may be because you have flat feet. Flatfoot is defined by the collapse of the arch of the foot. Flatfoot often has a bad reputation but is actually present in 40% of the population. Flatfoot only becomes pathological when it is said to be severe.
What are the Symptoms of Flatfoot?
Diagnosis of flatfoot is done in a podoscope. When the groove on the inner edge of the foot disappears, we speak of a flat foot. There are 3 types of flat bottoms; Stage 1, stage 2, and stage 3 flat feet This grading goes from the least severe to the most severe. An indirect sign can guide you. Indeed, if you have premature wear on the inside of the shoes’ heels then you probably have a flat foot. Be careful, the diagnosis of flat feet is often overwhelming. Flatfoot is not a disease, it is only a pathology when pain is added to the flatfoot.
Flat feet can cause a few symptoms. For example, pain may appear in the arch of the foot or in the ankle joint. These pains may be present or aggravated when standing or walking, especially in people who are overweight or have trouble walking. Feet may then deviate outward while walking. The heel may also slip inward or the person may become limp, meaning limp.
What Causes Flatfoot?
There may be various reasons for the origin of flat feet. These; unbalanced ankles (pronation), uneven lower limbs (shorter leg), dysfunction of the leg muscle (posterior tibialis), degenerative disease, inflammation of the joints of the foot bones (osteoarthritis rheumatoid arthritis), age or physical activity during internal and external rotation of the foot.
The problem can also cause significant trauma from breaking or tearing the ligaments in the foot. After a trauma, the bones of the foot can be found poorly positioned in relation to each other. The development of flatfoot depends on its origin. If the child has benign flat feet, wearing orthopedic insoles will be sufficient and in most cases growth will stabilize the deformity of the foot. In the case of a flat foot with hindfoot synostosis, the deformity will progress very little, but pain associated with this pathology will likely suggest surgical treatment.
Flatfoot is progressive in conjunction with degeneration and is not always well tolerated. You should always consider wearing orthopedic insoles as the first step. When these are no longer supported, surgical intervention may be considered.
How to Tell Flatfoot?
Flat foot is characterized by the absence of a longitudinal arch. Most cases of flat feet do not cause pain. While it is possible to surgically treat this disorder, it is also possible to perform a series of exercises to optimize the development of your feet.
For example, you can walk barefoot on uneven ground or on the beach, or do your toes with objects. These simple habits help create the arch of the foot and thus prevent the appearance of a flat foot, but in most cases this change is inherited. In general, having a flat base does not necessarily create walking problems. However, it is recommended to wear a pair of shoes that are not too tight, comfortable, flexible and well ventilated and that grips the floor well. The flexible flat foot has been found to be the most common type of flat foot.
Will Flat Sole be Healed?
An orthopedic shoe can also provide pain relief. However, it is important to make the right choice. Shoes should be sufficiently deep and wide enough. In addition, it is necessary to provide good support while walking or during physical activities. Flatfoot does not improve, but precautions can be taken.