What is Dandruff?

Dandruff is a hair problem that affects almost one in two people, mostly young men.

Without seriousness, it can have implications for self-esteem and quality of life. Generally, treatment with an anti-dandruff shampoo will overcome this.

Dandruff is small pieces (flakes) of the scalp that break off, spread through the hair or fall on the shoulders.

It is caused by excess scalp. It is a benign but unsightly condition and can be uncomfortable for people who have it. In some cases, dandruff is accompanied by itching and irritation of the scalp.

What Causes Dandruff?

In some cases, dandruff is more oily, thick, yellowish and is associated with inflammation of the scalp.

Problem; dermatitis or seborrheic dermatitis is an inflammatory skin disease characterized by the presence of red patches covered with scales on oily areas of the skin.

In seborrheic dermatitis, the lesions are often found elsewhere on the body, for example on the wings of the nose. In either case, a microscopic fungus called Malassezia appears to be involved in excessive scalp flaking and the appearance of dandruff. This fungus or yeast causes the scalp to become irritated and the scalp cells to regenerate too quickly.

In other, more rare cases, the presence of dandruff is often linked to psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory skin condition that affects the scalp. Dandruff is benign on its own. Aesthetically, of course, they are not bothersome, unless they are associated with an itchy scalp. Many people with dandruff complain of the social impact of dandruff, so it is important to find a treatment to eliminate it.

How Is Dandruff Treated?

In case of persistent dandruff it is possible to consult a pharmacist or in more severe cases a dermatologist. In most cases, regular use (twice a week) of an anti-dandruff shampoo for oily or dry hair will solve the problem. These shampoos usually contain an antifungal (acts on fungi), a keratolytic (an exfoliant), and soothing ingredients to combat itching.

Although it is often chronic, dandruff can be treated. Try a non-medicated shampoo first, massage the scalp vigorously and rinse well. Frequent application of the shampoo removes dandruff, reduces the amount of oil and prevents the accumulation of dead skin cells. If there is no improvement, special anti-dandruff shampoos can give good results. Instructions for use depend on the shampoo used. Some are used every day, while others are used once or twice a week.

To help control dandruff, wash your hair often, reduce your stress levels, try reducing the amount of products you put on your hair or stop using them altogether and eat a balanced diet.

What Are the Symptoms of Dandruff?

Dandruff appears as white flakes on the hair and shoulders. It is accompanied by itching of the scalp, redness and grief. Dandruff dandruff is usually scattered all over the scalp. If dandruff is caused by seborrheic dermatitis, symptoms usually come on gradually. The scalp becomes dry or oily, red and itchy. When skin cells die, they form yellowish scales. Severe cases of seborrheic dermatitis can cause symptoms seen in other parts of the body.

Yellowish or reddish scales may appear on the hairline, in and around the ears, or on the nose or trunk. Newborns with this condition have a yellowish, thick, crusty scalp called “cradle cap” or choking.

Diagnosing dandruff is easy to do yourself. The scalp is itchy, dry and covered with scales. Seborrheic dermatitis is accompanied by reddish skin, some yellowish and oily scales, and patches with indistinct contours.




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