What is Crohn’s Disease?
Crohn’s disease; It is an inflammatory disease that is located in any part of the digestive system from the mouth to the anus, and is generally seen around the junction with the small and large intestine. It is much more common in women than in men. This disease is generally seen between the ages of 35 and 40. However, it is possible to encounter many people with this disease in childhood and adolescence. This discomfort causes thickening in the digestive system parts where it is involved, that is, inflammation called ulcer formation and wound formation.
Crohn’s Disease Symptoms
Although the symptoms in Crohn’s disease vary from person to person, the most common symptoms in general will be listed as follows;
Pain in the abdominal area
In some cases, swelling,
Blood in stools
– It can be listed as cracks around the anus.
What Are the Treatment Methods for Crohn’s Disease?
Chron’s disease can be described as a persistent disease that never heals completely. People who are sick go through various periods in which this disease becomes stagnant and flares up. In times of exacerbation, various drug treatment and medical nutritional therapy are applied more intensively. Even if this situation does not prevent the disease in patients, it is possible to minimize the symptoms it causes. In addition, approximately 50 percent to 70 percent of Chron’s disease requires surgical intervention at least once in their lifetime. Surgical intervention is preferred especially for patients who do not respond to drug treatment.
People with chron disease should act with a special nutrition program throughout their lives. In particular, foods with high fiber should be consumed as little as possible, as they cause the disease to progress. Especially during the exacerbation period, it should not be included in the diet program. When people have constipation or diarrhea problems, the diet of Chron’s disease should be arranged in accordance with this situation. Apart from these, during the exacerbation of the disease, sick people should avoid doing heavy sports that require physical strength. He should rest at home as much as possible. People with Chron’s disease can be minimized by showing the necessary sensitivity to treatments with dieticians and physicians. Thanks to this, it will be possible to live in a healthier way.
How Is Crohn’s Disease Diagnosed?
Diagnosing Crohn’s disease is a very important issue in increasing the quality of life of the sick individual. Therefore, it will be important to see a qualified doctor in case of symptoms. The presence of this disease should be investigated in people with long-term complaints such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, loss of strength and vomiting. The methods used to diagnose Crohn’s disease will be as follows;
Filming of the digestive system,
– It can be listed as examining stool samples.
What Causes Crohn’s Disease?
As mentioned earlier, the cause of Chron’s discomfort is not fully known. However, as a result of the investigations, it has been proven that the rate of encountering this disease in the children of parents with this disease is 15 times higher than normal. It is possible to state that this disease is not an infectious disease, and it is not transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person.
Although some bacteria and viruses are predicted to play a role in the formation of this disease, which affects the body’s defense system, there has not been enough evidence yet. At the same time, the effects of a stressful lifestyle on the occurrence of Chron’s disease are still under investigation. With the symptoms of Chron’s disease, seeing a specialist physician in the field will be very important for the health of the person.