Constipation is not a disease in itself. Sometimes it can be a sign of illness. The most common cause of constipation is related to diet. Insufficient use of fiber foods in diets can lead to constipation.
What is constipation and why does it happen?
Constipation is the difficulty of defecation because the stool is drier and harder than normal. Constipation complaints are very common. People of all ages and genders can experience constipation. Constipation is more common in women than men.
Stool stays in the intestines longer if the intestines work slowly. As the liquid in it is absorbed in the intestines, dryness and hardness occur. This causes abdominal pain, pressure in the intestines and difficulty in defecation. Cracks and bleeding may also occur in the anus. These types of complaints will end after the constipation problem is overcome.
Sometimes the cause of constipation cannot be pinpointed. One of the most common causes is insufficient fluid intake into the body. If enough water and other health-beneficial fluids are not drunk, stools in the large intestine will also suffer from the lack of water in the body.
One of the most important causes of constipation is the insufficient consumption of fibrous foods. Vegetables and fruits are fiber-rich foods. These nutrients accelerate bowel movements, facilitate the rapid passage of stool through the intestines, and increase the fluid ratio. Due to these properties, it prevents the formation of constipation.
The causes of constipation can be listed as follows::
- * Not having a proper and balanced diet
- * Insufficient fluid intake
- * Hormonal changes
- * Pregnancy in women
- * Supplements and medications containing minerals such as iron
- * Polyps or masses that can cause obstruction in the intestines.
- * Some inflammatory bowel diseases
- * Some antidepressant medications
What is Good for Constipation, How Does Constipation Pass?
If you have information about the cause of constipation, the solution can be easy. For example, it is known that some foods such as bananas and some drugs such as iron pills cause constipation. In such cases, it may be right to give up eating bananas and to consult a doctor to regulate blood medication intake.
It can also be a good solution to be informed about the foods that work the intestines well and to adjust the diet accordingly. Foods such as apricots, plums, pears, shelled apples, avocados, and lentils make the intestines work faster. These foods can be consumed during constipation. All fibrous foods are beneficial in this regard. Whole wheat and grain breads should be preferred instead of white bread. One of the best foods for constipation is olive and olive oil.
The abundant fiber content of chia seeds is also good for constipation. If the seed is consumed by mixing it with water, it becomes a gel and helps the stool to soften and move easily in the intestines.
Drinking plenty of fluids will be helpful in preventing and relieving constipation. In addition, exercise and sports will ensure the work of the intestines and relieve constipation.
If constipation has lasted for more than two weeks, if no defecation is possible, if blood is seen in the stool, if the measures taken do not yield any results, it is absolutely necessary to consult a doctor. With a doctor’s examination, if there is an underlying disease, it can be diagnosed, and with some treatment methods, the problem of constipation is solved and the patient is relieved.
Among the treatments that the doctor can apply, there may be drugs such as enemas, suppositories and laxatives. These drugs provide comfortable defecation. In addition, some tests to see bowel movements and hormonal status can be done and rooted solutions can be found by making a full diagnosis of the problem.
The doctor may also suggest some lifestyle changes. These are the changes such as increasing the movement, doing light sports, consuming fibrous foods and taking fluids.