What is Cardiology?
Cardiology, one of the most important branches in the field of medicine, is the science that examines heart and nerve diseases. Cardiology, which was a sub-branch of the department of internal diseases in the field of science in previous years, was later divided into its own branch and created for the treatment of different diseases.
A doctor who has studied medicine and completed his education starts working as a cardiologist if he completes his specialization in cardiology. Today, complaints such as shortness of breath, coughing, fainting, fatigue, severe chest pains are examined in the cardiology branch, where the treatment of many different diseases is undertaken.
What Diseases Does Cardiology Treat?
In the cardiology department, where the disorders in the heart and circulatory system are mostly examined, the following diseases are also examined:
– Aortic Insufficiency
– Ischemic Heart Diseases
– Aortic Stenosis
– Anjina Pektoris
– Acute Coronary Syndrome
– Mitral Valve Insufficiency
– Pulmonary Insufficiency
– Primary Tumors
– Pulmonary Stenosis
– Atrial Myxoma
– Cardiac Arrhythmias
– Cardiac Arrest
– Peripheral Artery Diseases
– Mitral Valve Stenosis
– Atherosclerotic Coronary Artery Disease
– Trisküspit Stenosis
– Endocardial Diseases
– Acute Myocarditis
– Pericardial Effusion
– Tamponad pericardiumı
– Cardiac Tumors
– Wolf Parkinson White Syndrome
What Does the Specialist and Doctor Look for?
Heart and circulatory disorders are at the forefront of the diseases that cardiologist and doctors look at. Cardiology doctors who care for patients with heart failure and sudden heart attacks also look after patients in cases of narrowing of the heart valves. A heart attack is seen as a result of blockages in the vessels feeding the heart of the person, and there is a risk of sudden death of the patient during this crisis. Heart failure is seen when the heart cannot pump blood to the body at the required rate. Other situations that cardiologist and doctors look after patients include:
– Congenital heart defects
– Leg and vascular disorders
– Heart failure disease
– Abnormal and rapid palpitations in the heart
What are the Symptoms of Cardiology Diseases?
Early diagnosis and treatment are very important for the fulfillment of human health and the termination of various diseases. Symptoms of various diseases found and treated in cardiology are:
– Rapid weight loss, which can be seen in heart diseases
– severe heart palpitations
– Chest aches and pains that can be seen frequently in arterial diseases
– Frequent urination and breathing difficulties at night, which can often be seen in heart failure disease
– Orthopnea during respiratory failure and difficulty
– In cases of blood vomiting occurring in heart valve problems
– In hardening problems
– In cases of sudden fainting, which is one of the most common diseases in the field of cardiology.
One of the most common problems faced by patients in heart failure diseases is shortness of breath. These shortness of breath problems can also be seen during sleep, and this problem is one of the most basic symptoms of cardiology diseases.
When Should You See a Cardiologist?
One of the most important things for people in the world is their own health. It is necessary to go to the doctor without wasting time in cardiology diseases, as in other fields in the medical sector, which was created for the safe protection of human health. In the field of cardiology, there are various symptoms for different diseases and a special doctor should be consulted for these symptoms. To go to a cardiologist, you only need to have the following symptoms:
– When palpitations occur
– If the blood pressure is constantly high in patients
– Dizziness problems are increasing gradually
– If edema occurs in different parts of the feet and legs
– If there is a feeling of extreme fatigue and intensity even when climbing stairs, walking a short distance or sitting
– If there are complaints of shortness of breath after moving, it is necessary to go to a cardiologist and not waste time.
Do Cardiologists Perform Surgery for Treatment?
Physicians who graduated from a medical school education of about 6 years, then take the exam and receive 5 more years of training in hospitals after they get a certain score from the exam in order to choose the cardiology department. Physicians who have another exam after 5 years of training become cardiology specialists.
Cardiologists, who are specialists in cardiology, do not perform any open surgery to treat various diseases. However, they use different methods in their treatment to diagnose and diagnose heart diseases. In addition, treatments are carried out by cardiologists in the case of a pacemaker implantation.