What is Asthma?

Asthma is a chronic disease that is most often manifested by attacks interspersed with periods of normal breathing. But in some people, asthma interferes with daily activities, causing persistent difficulty breathing.

An asthma attack usually begins with a dry cough followed by difficulty breathing, which causes a clearly audible wheezing. It is often accompanied by sputum mucus (sputum and cough).

What Are Asthma Symptoms?

The origin of asthma is not fully known, but it may be partially inherited.

Our lungs are sensitive to different substances such as pollen, air pollution or strong chemicals. Simply put, the lungs of people with asthma are more sensitive than average.

Asthma symptoms occur in a process that takes place in 3 stages. First, the inflammation settles on the inner surface of the airways. They inflate, reducing the space for air circulation. Second, the muscles on the inner surface of the airways contract, further reducing airflow. Finally, the airways respond to inflammation by producing mucus that clogs the already narrowed ducts.

Asthma is partly an allergic response. It can be triggered by an external substance that specifically irritates your lungs. These triggers are usually tiny protein particles called allergens. Some people are sensitive to a few of the most common allergens. Although asthma often begins in childhood, it also affects adults after prolonged exposure to allergens.

What Is Good For Asthma?

Asthma is a chronic condition that often requires regular treatment, even between attacks.

Medications do not provide a permanent cure for control asthma. They facilitate breathing by increasing the opening of the bronchi (bronchodilation) and reducing inflammation. Most are taken by inhalation, which allows them to work quickly with as few side effects as possible. The doctor also tries to give a smaller dose of medication for symptom control with the best tolerability of the treatment.

However, despite the effectiveness of the treatments, 6 out of 10 people with asthma are unable to control their symptoms. The main causes are inability to understand the disease, fear of side effects and forgetting to take medication. However, the side effects of inhaled treatments are minimal compared to the risks associated with severe and frequent asthma attacks.

How Is Asthma Passed?

There is no cure for asthma. It is a chronic condition that can last a lifetime. The goal of asthma treatment is to prevent asthma symptoms as much as possible so that you can participate in your usual activities, reduce the use of rescue medications (below 4 doses per week), not experience symptoms day or night, and eliminate asthma-induced absence from work or school. Most people with asthma can achieve this goal. You’d better avoid triggers.

What Are Asthma Triggers?

Your first line of defense against an asthma attack is to avoid triggers. Below are some common triggers and solutions that work for them. Simple changes to your lifestyle can go a long way in preventing asthma attacks.

● Pollen (from trees, grass, and weeds): Keep your doors and windows closed and use an air conditioning system to prevent pollen from entering your home.

● Dust mites (found in carpets, furniture, and pillows): cover your bedding and pillows with special covers. Do not put rugs in bedrooms.

Some children feel a tingling in the back of the neck just before an asthma attack. People see warning signs that they can learn to interpret. Warning signs include sore throat, dark circles under the eyes, tiredness, irritability, or a change in face color.

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