The cause of death of the famous psychologist Doğan Cüceloglu, who passed away the other day, was determined as “aortic vessel rupture”. So, what exactly is aortic vessel rupture in which people over the age of 45, smokers, high blood pressure patients, diabetics and heart patients are in the risky groups?
Aortic vessel rupture (dissection), which is among the cause of death in perhaps of high blood pressure patients every day, may be the cause of sudden death or may be experienced unannounced and may appear in general screening tests.
How does aortic vessel rupture occur?
Aortic rupture occurs in two ways. A tear that occurs between the walls of the aorta, a vessel that comes out of the heart and carries blood to the whole body, but does not burst out of the vein, which requires urgent surgery. Another shape is that the wall of the aortic main vessel bursts completely, and the blood goes out (into the chest, into the abdomen). In this case, even the hospital cannot be reached, death will be sudden. For this reason, the cause of death is often unknown and is considered as a heart attack. This is only noticed with preliminary examinations and is operated without explosion.
Aortic dissection characterized by sudden back pain or chest pain; It can have serious consequences that can result in heart attack, multiple organ failure, and even death. Aortic dissection occurs when the aortic vessel ruptures for different reasons and blood filling into the wall. The situation experienced in the syndrome defined as aortic rupture can be summarized as follows: the blood leaks into the second layer by finding another way to itself from the first layer and separates the layers with the flow. As blood flows rapidly on the new path it finds, the vein ruptures.
Where exactly is the aortic vein?
The aorta is the largest artery in the human body. It exits the left ventricle and runs down the abdomen and then branches into smaller veins. The aorta delivers oxygenated blood to all body parts via systemic circulation. The aortic vein is the body’s largest artery that emerges from the heart. It is an artery because it contains clean blood. Clean blood means the blood vessel that has the most oxygen in it. The aortic vein emerges from the left ventricle of the heart. The main task of the aorta is to carry the clean blood that has been cleared in the lungs and returned to the heart.
What are the symptoms of aortic rupture?
The most important symptom of aortic rupture is sudden chest pain. The pain is so severe that patients express that they feel that their internal organs are ruptured. The pain is first felt where the tear started and spreads in the same direction as the tear progresses.
How many hours does the aortic vessel rupture surgery take?
The severe surgical intervention that should be done in three different sessions has to be done on the same patient and in a single session. Therefore, it is an extremely long surgery. Most of the time, it can take 5-6 hours and sometimes longer. Surgical methods are the only option for treatment; However, surgical treatment also involves a very high risk because the tear that occurs puts the patient in the shock table with sudden high volume blood loss and affects vital organs.