What is the Artificial Heart?
The device that pumps blood in order to maintain blood circulation is called the artificial heart. This device is a machine that performs the functions of the heart. Since it is attached to the heart for therapeutic purposes, it does not harm human health.
In order for an artificial heart to be attached to a person, the heart must be about to lose all its function. It is likely to be stuck after heart attacks in diseases related to heart muscle, especially heart failure. This device, which can be worn on the right and left sides of the heart, functions as a heart pump.
The artificial heart is a heart made with metal evenings. Although its texture does not resemble the heart, its function is the same as that of the heart. With the developing technology, it is used by keeping the pumping pressure completely under control. In addition, it is attached to the blood inlet and outlet places by establishing a connection with the vessels. Therefore, artificial heart surgeries cannot be completed in a short time.
When is the Artificial Heart Attached?
The artificial heart becomes an option when the heart cannot continue to function properly. Doctors may consider the artificial heart appropriate by evaluating the patient’s condition, age and course of the disease. In addition, the approval of the board determined in the hospital is required for artificial heart transplantation. If the board does not give approval and the patient refuses the treatment, the action is not taken.
The artificial heart can be inserted if the appropriate organ is not found when a heart transplant is needed. It can also be used for inflammation in the heart as a result of various conditions. If the heart regains its health after the inflammation, the device can be removed with a new surgery.
The artificial heart can be worn permanently and temporarily. It can also be attached to people whose condition worsens until the root cause of the discomfort is found and treatment begins. In later times, it becomes definite to be removed or permanent according to the test results.
Who is an Artificial Heart Transplant Applied?
Inserting an artificial heart instead of the heart is a transplant procedure. Cardiologists are involved in this transplant. Artificial heart transplantation can be applied to people who are thought to be healthy after the procedure.
If the device attached to the heart will not harm other parts of the body, everyone can be fitted with an artificial heart. However, it is not preferred for people who have immune systems that cannot tolerate surgery. Artificial heart may not be implanted in patients who are difficult to wake up after anesthesia and who are very old.
Patients who can be fitted with an artificial heart are usually young patients. They are people whose conditions have become serious and their blood circulation has weakened. Artificial heart transplantation can be performed by looking at the person’s history, past heart diseases, surgeries, ECG results and blood values.
Artificial heart application, which is accepted as a heart transplant, cannot be performed in every hospital. It is appropriate to do it only in organizations that have a license to carry out the transfer. Depending on the preference of the person, this procedure can be performed in private or public hospitals.
Is Artificial Heart Transplant Risky?
Heart health is a vital condition. This loss of health can result in the ending of the person’s life. In this context, the most urgent treatment methods are needed. Artificial systems are used because it is difficult to reach the true heart.
Each surgery has its own risks. All of these risks are reported to patients and their relatives before surgery. Therefore, artificial heart transplantation is also a risky surgery. However, the risk is eliminated after surgeries where every procedure is done correctly and unexpected situations do not occur.
There are some risks after surgery as well as during the operation. Various inflammations may occur due to poor care of the wound. In addition, depending on the person’s movements, there is a situation of tearing of the stitches. With sufficient care, these risks are eliminated and full recovery becomes possible.