What is a Throat Infection?
Most of the time, children with strep infection do not have cold symptoms, but they may complain of stomach aches and headaches. Symptoms usually occur suddenly and are accompanied by high fever (39 to 40 ° C) that does not subside despite the use of fever medication.
Strep infection is relatively harmless, but must be treated quickly to prevent complications, reduce the duration of the disease, reduce symptoms, and prevent the spread of the infection. If some signs and symptoms show a bacterial origin, the doctor will want to take a sample of secretion from your child’s throat to confirm this.
Causes Throat Infection?
Sore throats are one of the leading causes of office visits, and about 40% to 50% of these are treated with antibiotics. However, less than half of the people taking antibiotic therapy actually have a bacterial infection. The rest mainly suffer from viral infections that don’t respond to antibiotics.
When used properly, antibiotics are very useful in fighting infections. However, improper use of antibiotics can be harmful because these drugs can kill bacteria that are harmless but can keep dangerous bacteria out of your gut. It is important to know what constitutes the proper (or unnecessary) use of antibiotics; You should also learn not to insist that the doctor prescribes an antibiotic if the doctor decides it is not necessary.
How Is A Throat Infection?
Streptococci are everywhere, including on the skin and throat of many people. Streptococci do not always cause illness; namely tonsillitis. However, they are contagious. Like common cold viruses, they are transmitted to others through coughing, sneezing, or physical contact with a hand with traces of mucus or saliva on it. However, they are less contagious than the common cold virus.
● The vast majority of strep throat infections resolve on their own without treatment.
● Even if you do not see a doctor, the risk of acute rheumatic fever or meningitis is very low.
● Antibiotics are used primarily to prevent these very rare but serious complications, not to improve symptoms of sore throat.
● The most common antibiotics used to treat strep throat come from the penicillin class.
● They are available by prescription and come in tablets, capsules or oral suspensions.
They are prescribed for a period of 5 to 10 days, depending on the antibiotic used. Be sure to report your drug allergy to your doctor.
How to Treat Throat Infection?
Most people who take antibiotics for sore throat do not have a bacterial infection and therefore do not benefit from these medications. Antibiotics can harm them and leave their bodies more vulnerable to infection. You should not take antibiotics for sore throat unless you have been diagnosed with a bacterial infection or your doctor has given you specific instructions. However, if you are being treated with antibiotics, you must continue with the treatment! This way you can prevent resistance to antibiotics.
Additionally, your doctor may recommend that you take acetaminophen or ibuprofen to relieve pain and relieve fever. Continue your antibiotic treatment even if your symptoms disappear; Make sure that children with strep throat do not go to school for 24 hours without antibiotics.
Even doctors cannot always distinguish a bacterial infection from a viral infection by relying on symptoms alone. The usual test is to take a cotton swab into the throat to collect bacteria.
This sample is then sent to a laboratory or analyzed in the field using special equipment. If you have a sore throat and score 4 or 5 out of 5, contact your doctor.