Specialist from the Department of Child Health and Diseases. Dr. Ayşegül Parlak drew attention to the importance of vaccination by warning families against rotavirus, which causes the death of approximately 600 thousand children annually. Stating that rotavirus microbe can be prevented by vaccination, Dr. Bright, “Rotavirus is a highly contagious virus that causes severe diarrhea, vomiting and fever in young children. Children under the age of 5 get rotavirus disease at least once. Vomiting and fever complaints usually begin 2-3 days after exposure to the virus. The complaint of diarrhea in the form of water is added within a few days. Fever and weakness start due to dehydration. “Diarrhea is accompanied by abdominal pain,” he said.
HIGHLY HIGHLY INFECTIOUS
Pointing out that rotavirus was found from the first day of the complaints to approximately 10-15 days, Dr. Bright continued as follows:
“The diagnosis is made by examining the stool sample. Contamination is through hand-to-mouth contact and can easily be transmitted to others. If a person comes out of the toilet without washing their hands, it causes contamination by touching the surrounding area with their hands. If not disinfected, it remains contaminated for weeks. The person who touches the infected object becomes infected when he puts it into his mouth. There are different subtypes of rotavirus. Therefore, although rotavirus vaccine is available, it is generally possible to have rotavirus infection. The vaccine prevents severe infections. “
THERE IS NO SPECIFIC TREATMENT
Dr. Bright, noting that the rotavirus infection usually resolves within 7-10 days, “There is no specific treatment. Supportive treatment is applied. It replaces the dehydration. There is no need for antibiotic or antiviral therapy. It should be ensured that plenty of water and fluid intake is increased in his diet. Banana, yoghurt, whole grain bread and crackers can be given. In cases with severe dehydration, fluid may need to be administered via a vein. It would be beneficial to add probiotics to the treatment. “We can reduce rotavirus transmission by washing hands and following hygiene rules, but vaccination is the most effective method of prevention,” he said.
NOT PERFORMED TO CHILDREN WITH MEDIUM AND SERIOUSLY SICK
Stating that there are 2 different rotavirus vaccines on the market, Dr. Bright, “The vaccine is applied by dropping into the mouth. We recommend that the patient be hungry before vaccination. Thus, we prevent it from being removed by gagging or vomiting after vaccination. The first dose of both vaccines can be administered from the 6th week. It cannot be applied if there is a severe allergic reaction developed in previous doses of the vaccine or if there is a severe allergy to the content of the vaccine.
In addition, patients with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) cannot be vaccinated until the disease is over, in babies who suffer from intussusception, and children who are moderately and severely ill. On the other hand, it is decided to apply to patients who are treated with steroids, those who suffer from HIV / AIDS or diseases that affect the immune system, in patients receiving cancer treatment, in consultation with the doctor ”.