Professor of Medicine and Rehabilitation Department. Dr. Deniz Evcik said that fibromyalgia syndrome, which causes widespread and chronic pain in the musculoskeletal system, significantly reduces the quality of life of patients. Stating that it ranks second among the most common rheumatic diseases, Evcik said, “Fibromyalgia syndrome, which is at least 3 times more common in women than in men, can also occur in children and elderly patients.
Fibromyalgia syndrome is a pain disease that adversely affects the quality of life of patients, the exact cause is unknown and can cause delays in diagnosis and treatment due to the wide variety of complaints. Most of the patients experience burnout and helplessness due to uncertainties in the diagnosis and treatment process. Although there is no known exact cause and treatment for today, satisfactory results are obtained by determining and applying the most appropriate treatment options individually. Individual exercise program is an indispensable part of treatment; However, it should be planned under the leadership of a physician, taking the pain levels into consideration, “he said.
Prof. Dr. Evcik, fibromyalgia syndrome patients’ complaints are pain that does not pass all over the body, waking up tired and feeling constantly tired, foggy thinking structure and distraction, edema and constant swelling in various parts of the body, especially tingling in the arms and legs, numbness, burning, headache, palpitations, cramps in the legs, painful menstruation, burning while urinating, irregularities in bowel activities, deterioration of quality of life, and difficulty in going to work.
Stating that there are no known laboratory and imaging tests specific to the disease, Evcik said, “Some developed diagnostic criteria have also changed over time. In one of the last diagnostic suggestions, the body is divided into 9 regions. The presence of pain in 6 or more regions, moderate or severe sleep problems or “Fibromyalgia syndrome can be diagnosed if these complaints persist for at least 3 months. The diagnosis of the disease is made by specialist physicians, especially physical medicine and rehabilitation physicians, after listening to a detailed patient history and performing a physical examination,” he said.
Stating that the treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome includes both medicated and non-drug treatments, Evcik said, “Among the drug options, antidepressants and antiepileptic drugs are the leading. Simple painkillers and muscle relaxants are not effective on the disease, but they may benefit the accompanying symptoms. “It comes to exercise therapy. Informing the patient about the subject, patient education, cognitive behavioral treatments, spa treatments, physical therapy and rehabilitation applications are among the useful methods. Methods such as yoga, acupuncture and meditation can also be applied.”