In general, sunburn that occurs in the summer months can be confused with sun allergy. Stating that in case of sun allergy, substances such as toothpaste and yoghurt should never be applied to the skin and should go to the nearest health institution without wasting time, Uz. Dr. Ayşe Gökçe Tümtürk gave information about sun allergy and made important warnings about the subject.
It is necessary to distinguish between sun allergy and sunburn. Many people think that sunburn and sun allergy are the same thing. Sun allergy is a very rare health problem. Sun allergy manifests itself with itching, redness, swelling and swelling, starting as soon as the sun is exposed. In fact, sun allergy is a hypersensitivity reaction like urticaria.
Rashes that occur as a result of the effect of various drugs and cosmetics together with ultraviolet radiation (UVR) and sun allergies, which are effective on the immune system, are a reaction of the body to the sun’s rays. However, not every rash is a sign of sun allergy. Sunburn, on the other hand, starts with darkening of the skin (tanning) and redness in every person who is exposed to excessive sun. Sun allergy is 3 times more common in women than men.
Symptoms of sun allergy; itching, stinging sensation, rash and reddish patches on the skin. If the hives spread to a large part of the skin, different symptoms may also be seen.
Low blood pressure may occur.
May cause severe headache.
There may even be nausea.
There may be difficulty in breathing.
Sunburn is a condition caused by exposure to sunlight. Being under the sun for a long time without protection will cause skin burns. However, it is enough to stay under the sun for even 1-2 minutes for the formation of sun allergy. In fact, a reaction called urticaria such as itching, swelling, burning and stinging occurs in those with sun allergy within seconds.
Sunburn occurs on the open areas of the body that come into contact with the sun within 15-20 minutes at the earliest. It occurs in the form of darkening of the skin in dark-skinned people, and reddening in white and red-skinned people. Dark-skinned people take longer to develop burns than white and red-skinned people. Sunburn can cause photoallergy and many diseases that can be triggered by the sun.
In the long run, the burn will lead to irreparable DNA damage to the skin, skin cancer known as malignant melanoma, and premature aging of the skin around the eyes. For this, it is necessary to be protected from the harmful effects of sun rays. Sun allergy, also known as solar urticaria, is a rare allergic reaction that causes hives on the skin.
The allergy, which manifests itself with red spots or stripes, causes a painful and itchy process to begin. Allergy, which can be long or short-term, begins immediately after exposure to the sun, and it is not exactly known why the body reacts to this situation. Sun allergy, which can become chronic, can be treated.
While sunburn occurs even with the rays reflected from the snow in winter, sun allergy is most common in summer. Those with sun allergies should seek advice from a dermatologist before going on vacation in the summer. Those with skin allergies should take extra precautions to protect them from the harmful rays of the sun.
To protect from the harmful effects of the sun, suitable sunscreens should be used between 11:00 and 16:00.
90% of the body’s need for vitamin D synthesis is met by the skin through sunlight. Vitamin D produced by the skin is stored and used from the warehouse in cases where there is not enough sunlight in winter. Sunbathing for 10-15 minutes a day at noon, when the sun’s rays are steep, is sufficient for the synthesis of vitamin D. Hats and glasses should definitely be used to protect against sun allergy.
Long-sleeved, light-colored wide clothes made of breathable fabric should be preferred.
More precautions should be taken during the summer season for children with sun allergies. They should never be taken out into the sun without using sunscreen. Sunscreen should be renewed every time children get in and out of the water.