Saffron comes from the Far East. In ancient times it was used to treat pain, digestive problems and even high blood pressure. It is one of the most expensive spices today. It is extracted from the Crocus sativus plant and contains over 150 known volatile compounds. The best known compounds are crocin and safranal, both of which are used therapeutically.
Anti cancer feature
Saffron is rich in carotenoids. The two main carotenoids are crocin and crocetin, giving foods a rich yellow color. Studies show that it has anti-cancer properties. In studies, it has been determined that bile has an anti-proliferative (preventing proliferation) effect against prostate and breast cancer. It has also been found to suppress the growth of leukemia cells and have a pro apoptotic (stimulating programmed cell death) effect against lung cancer.
Those who are trying to lose weight can try saffron extract. It has been observed that it eliminates food cravings at the molecular level. In a placebo-controlled double-blind study, it was found that the number of snacking episodes was reduced by 55% in women who took saffron extract. In addition, it was observed that he lost an average of 1 kg during 8 weeks. Saffron eliminates the desire to snack by targeting the serotonergic system of the brain. This system affects appetite, mood and even sugar cravings.
Saffron was used as an antidepressant in traditional Persian medicine. Current studies confirm that saffron can improve mood. In a 6-week study, patients received 30 mg of saffron extract daily. Researchers found that the symptoms of depression were significantly reduced and suggested that it is a recommended treatment for mild to moderate depression. Saffron has been shown to be equally effective with the commonly used depression medication in mild to moderate depression and has been found to alleviate the resulting sexual side effects.
Animal studies show that bile has a strong effect against dementia and memory loss. Older mice given saffron extract had improvements in learning capacity and memory. In addition, in adult mice, saffron inhibits the acetylcholtransferase enzyme that degrades acetylcholine. Cognitive benefits have been seen in Alzheimer’s patients. In a clinical study, it has been shown to be as beneficial as the traditional Alzheimer’s drug in mild to moderate Alzheimer’s patients.
It is safe for most individuals when taken by mouth for up to 6 weeks. Some possible side effects may include dry mouth, anxiety, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, appetite changes, and headache. Some people may experience allergic reactions. When taken by mouth, it causes poisoning, yellowing of the skin, eyes, mucous membranes, vomiting, dizziness, bloody diarrhea, bleeding and numbness in the nose, lips and eyelids. Doses such as 12-20 grams cause death. In conditions such as depression and Alzheimer’s, daily use should not exceed 30 mg.