When most of us decide to go on a diet, the first thing we cut out of food is carbohydrates. Actually, it’s a pretty wrong method. Carbohydrates are the basic nutrients that meet half of our daily energy needs. Reducing or not consuming carbohydrates can cause serious problems.
What are carbohydrates?
Carbohydrate is an important food source for our body. All living cells contain carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are the most common organic substances found in nature. Its main task is to meet the energy needs of the body. Carbohydrates; It is the general name for organic compounds consisting of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen elements.
When carbohydrates are not consumed at a sufficient level, energy is obtained from the proteins used in the production and repair of the body. When the body has to use fats for energy, as fats give so much energy, as a result of the use of fats, body acidity increases and harmful substances that we call ketone bodies form. This causes problems in the heart and kidneys.
Carbohydrates are the brain’s only source of energy. Some carbohydrates are involved in the formation of healthy bacteria in the intestines that are essential for digestion. Digestive system problems are seen in carbohydrate deficiency. Most carbohydrates are good sources of fiber. Fiber, on the other hand, protects our body from heart disease, cancer, diabetes and digestive problems.
What are the types of carbohydrates?
Carbohydrates are divided into three groups:
Monosaccharides: (glucose, fructose, galactose) are the simplest carbohydrates in terms of structure.
Disaccharides: They are formed by the bonding of two monosaccharides. Disaccharides eaten by humans and animals are used in the digestive system by separating them into their monosaccharides. The most common disaccharides in living things; maltose (barley sugar), sucrose (tea sugar), lactose (milk sugar).
Polysaccharides: They are large molecule carbohydrates formed by the combination and dehydration of many monosaccharides. Starch and cellulose are polysaccharides found in plants, while glycogen is the polysaccharide found in animals.