The skin, the largest organ of the body, acts as a protective shield for all organs and is also affected by the external environment. Stating that there are many factors affecting skin health, Dermatology Specialist Dr. Behram Danış pointed out that weather conditions have a significant impact on skin health. Danış also made suggestions to protect skin from factors that adversely affect health.
THE EFFECTS OF THE WEATHER CAN BE EASILY AVOIDED
Stating that the skin is the most important and largest organ of the body, Dr. Danış said, “One of the main functions of the skin is to protect the body against external influences. The skin prevents harmful structures such as viruses, bacteria and chemicals from entering the body. It is also an organ involved in regulating body temperature, maintaining fluid and moisture balance, and protecting from harmful sunlight. In addition to these, the skin acts as a buffer against impacts coming from the external environment and prevents damage to the internal structures, ”he said.
Stating that there are many factors affecting skin health, Dr. Danış said, “The person’s genetic structure, age, hormone levels and genetic disorders such as ichthyosis are conditions that affect the health of the skin. In addition to these, there are also external factors affecting the skin. For example, weather conditions, exposure to chemical toxins, nutritional disorders, exposure to harmful sunlight also affect skin health. External factors affecting skin health are generally changeable or preventable conditions. For this reason, people who want to have a healthy skin can make a positive contribution to skin health by controlling these factors. “One of the conditions that are very effective on skin health and whose effects can be easily prevented is undoubtedly weather conditions,” he said.
BOTH HOT AND COLD WEATHER ARE NEGATIVELY AFFECTED
Both hot and cold weather have a negative effect on the skin. Stating that cold weather causes a decrease in skin moisture and makes the skin dry, Dr. BDanış said, “Windy weather, which is frequently encountered during the winter months, causes the skin to dry. Many undesirable conditions such as redness, cracking, peeling, exfoliation may occur on the dry skin. In hot weather, sweating increases with increasing humidity and temperature. Due to increased sweating and itching, it causes acne formation, especially on oily skin. Again, in hot weather, the condition called rash occurs as a result of the clogging of the sweat glands and the inability of sweat to be thrown out of the body. In rash; Rash and small red cysts occur especially in the fold areas of the skin. Sun rays are another situation that poses a risk for skin problems. Although the sun’s rays affect the skin regardless of the air temperature, the risk is higher during the summer months. Two types of sunlight that have a detrimental effect on the skin are Ultraviolet A and Ultraviolet B. UVA; It penetrates into the lower tissues of the skin and causes wrinkles, aging and sun spots. UVB, on the other hand, is responsible for the occurrence of conditions such as sunburn by affecting the upper tissues of the skin.
DO THESE TO AVOID THE IMPACTS
Stating that the effect of changes in weather conditions on the skin can be reduced and even prevented by various applications, Dr. Danış said, “A moisturizer should be used regularly to replace the moisture lost by the skin in cold weather. If severe cracks and redness occur on the skin due to cold, a doctor can be consulted and faster recovery can be achieved by using creams containing medication. Skin cleansers can be used in hot weather to reduce oiliness on the skin. The point to be considered in the use of cleansers is that these products may increase the sensitivity of the skin to sunlight. For this reason, cleansers should be used at night or sunscreen cream should be applied after using cleanser on the skin during the day.
Dr. Behram Danış continued his words as follows:
“Those who have had skin cancer on their face, those who have spots or moles, and those who want to spend the holiday period should use sunscreen before going out to protect themselves from harmful sun rays. Care should be taken that the cream is protective against both UVA and UVB rays. Sunscreen application should be renewed every two hours of being in the sun, and in addition to the cream, protective clothing such as glasses, especially a hat, should be worn.