Cardiology Specialist Prof. Dr. Kenan Sönmez drew attention to the fact that the incidence of deaths due to heart diseases also increases during periods when the air temperature drops excessively.
200 DEATHS A DAY IN THE UK
Professor of Cardiology, who often warned that the risk of heart attack in cold weather is not taken into account in the daily rush of life. Dr. Kenan Sönmez said, “In a study conducted in England, it was determined that an extra 200 deaths per day occurred in individuals over the age of 65 in cold winter months. “Some of these deaths are due to the increase in cardiovascular diseases.”
Underlining that cold weather causes many health problems, Prof. Dr. Kenan Sönmez emphasized that cardiovascular diseases are the leading ones, as well as respiratory system diseases, paralysis and rheumatic diseases increase in cold weather.
THE AMOUNT OF BLOOD TO THE HEART IS FALLING
Stating that there are some medical reasons for the increased risk of cardiovascular diseases and heart attack in cold weather, Prof. Dr. Kenan Sönmez explained them as follows:
“The phenomenon we call ‘vasoconstriction’ occurs in the body parts that come into contact with cold air. In other words, there is a contraction and constriction of the veins on the surface of our body. In the meantime, if physical exercise or heavy work is done, the accompanying sweating and exposure to cold wind increase these negative effects. In extremely cold weather, there may be narrowing of the vessels that feed the heart, and accordingly, the amount of blood flowing to the heart can decrease and trigger heart attacks. Especially walking against the cold wind or exposure to cold air without good protection of the chest can trigger the contraction and narrowing of the heart vessels. “
WORK LOAD OF THE HEART INCREASES IN COLD
Stating that another reason for the increase in the risk of heart attack in cold weather is the increase in the workload of the heart, Prof. Dr. Kenan Sönmez continued as follows:
“The contraction of the body vessels in extreme cold causes an increase in our blood pressure, in other words our blood pressure. In this case, our heart has to work against higher blood pressure. The increase in heart rate due to cold also increases the work of the heart and can trigger a heart attack. “
EXCESSIVE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY INCREASES RISK
Drawing attention to the fact that another factor that plays a role in the formation of heart attacks and strokes is the increase in blood clotting tendency in cold weather, Prof. Dr. Kenan Sönmez stated that as a result of easy coagulation, occlusion in the heart and brain vessels increased.
Indicating that individuals who are accustomed to living in hot environments encounter sudden cold also make it difficult for the heart and the whole body to adapt to it. Dr. Kenan Sönmez said, “The risk of heart attack increases, especially when cold weather and physical activity come together. Decreased heart blood flow and increased heart load can trigger heart attack and heart rhythm disturbances. It may be difficult to control blood pressure, ”he said.
WHAT SHOULD NOT BE DONE IN COLD
Prof. Dr. Kenan Sönmez said that individuals at risk of heart disease or known to have cardiovascular disease should pay attention to the following warnings in cold weather:
“Not eating heavy meals. Not exercising or doing work in the cold after overeating. Not walking against the cold wind or exerting excessive force. Avoiding heavy work that requires excessive force such as snow shoveling. If it is necessary to be outside, dressing in several layers, choosing protective clothes that are rain and wind proof in the top layer of the clothes. Protecting body surfaces that come into contact with cold, such as face, hands and feet. To take care that treatments are not interrupted. “
ATTENTION TO RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTIONS!
Prof. Dr. Kenan Sönmez emphasized that people who have symptoms of heart attack while working outside in cold weather or doing sports, regardless of heart disease, should heed the alarm signals given by their bodies and quit their work.
Lastly, he pointed out that attention should be paid to respiratory tract infections. Dr. Kenan Sönmez said, “Respiratory tract infections, which are frequently encountered in cold weather, also play a role in the increase of heart diseases, especially heart failure. Therefore, attention should be paid to the treatment of respiratory tract infections before they get worse, ”he said.