Dr. Lecturer Gürkan Yardimci, said, “Each hair strand stays alive for about 4 to 6 years. At the end of this period, the shed hair enters a rest period of 3 to 4 months and then begins to grow again. For this reason, we cannot talk about a disease in every hair loss situation. We consider it normal to shed less than 100 hair strands a day. However, if more than 100 hair strands are shed for longer than 4 to 6 weeks, hair loss is considered a disease, ”he said. Stating that there are many different types and causes of hair loss, Dr. “Hair loss can generally be classified into two groups as permanent and non-permanent.
Generally, we can give examples of non-permanent hair loss, which is seen after stress-related, seasonal, weight loss, postpartum, vitamin deficiencies, and diseases with high fever. However, permanent hair loss may occur in some microbial diseases such as fungal infections of the scalp, traumatic hair loss such as burns or surgical scars, and some scalp diseases in which the hair follicles are permanently damaged, although the reason is not yet known.
THESE FACTORS CAUSE HAIR LOSS
Dr. The assistant stated that one of the most common causes is androgenetic alopecia, also known as genetic hair loss, and gave the following information:
“As a result of the transformation of testosterone known as the male hormone into another hormone called dihydrotestosterone, some of the hair follicles begin to become miniaturized. The hair root, which becomes thinner than it should be, becomes unable to produce hair over the years. In this disease, there is usually no abnormal number of hair loss in the person, but thinning, thinning and baldness are observed in the hair over months to years, respectively. Generally, the front and top areas of the hair shed over time and permanent hair loss occurs. Iron, zinc, biotin, folic acid, B12 and vitamin D deficiencies, anemia, thyroid gland diseases, stress, infections with especially high fever, the use of some drugs, birth, rapid weight loss after uncontrolled diets and recent surgeries It is among the most common causes of spillage. However, wrong methods such as very hot drying, using straightener, allergic conditions and eczema on the scalp are the reasons that do not result in permanent hair loss but can cause excessive hair loss. “
“UNCONSCIOUSLY MADE CURES CAN LEAD TO ALLERGY”
Referring to the cures and supplements claimed to prevent hair loss, Dr. The assistant made the following assessment:
“Although the mixtures and cures applied by the patients themselves at home are partially beneficial, we often encounter complaints that hair loss does not decrease but increases. It should not be forgotten that natural hair masks can cause allergic conditions, especially on the scalp, ears, eyelids, face and neck. Severe allergic conditions can cause permanent damage to the hair follicle and result in permanent hair loss. It can cause permanent stains on the face and eyelids. I think that supplements will be beneficial if they are used under the supervision of a doctor. It will be beneficial to use supplements according to the results of blood tests, especially in cases such as vitamin deficiencies and anemia. Many studies have shown that using vitamins without low blood levels has no benefit. In such cases, if the patient uses supplements without examination, they may experience undesirable side effects. “
“TREATMENT IS POSSIBLE WITH EARLY DIAGNOSIS”
Dr. The assistant said, “A dermatology specialist should be consulted whenever more than 100 hairs per day are lost and lasting longer than a month. Each treatment may vary from person to person. Some important factors such as the age and gender of the patient, the duration of the spill, the presence of concomitant diseases, and family history must be evaluated. In cases that do not result in permanent hair loss, the sooner and correctly the treatment is applied, the faster the hair loss will recover. Long-lasting hair loss in most people has negative psychological consequences. This may increase the stress factor in the person, causing new hair to fall out, and the process may enter a vicious cycle. In any case that may result in permanent hair loss, the time to start treatment is very important. If recovery is achieved while the hair follicles are still alive with appropriate treatment, the shed hair will be restored. However, if hair root damage occurs, new hair formation is not possible, ”he said.
“PRP, MESOTHERAPY, STEM CELL TREATMENTS AVAILABLE”
Stating that some medications in the form of sprays, lotions, foams and shampoos applied on the scalp are among the most preferred treatment methods, Dr. “However, these treatments are not sufficient alone in the presence of vitamin deficiencies, anemia and accompanying hormonal diseases. Appropriate tests should be done, any accompanying problem should be determined and treated appropriately. Systemic drugs used for this purpose accelerate the healing process. Hair loss can be treated more effectively and quickly with PRP and mesotherapy applications, which have become very popular in recent years. In the PRP method, the plasma part, which is obtained from some blood taken from the patient and rich in cells called platelets, is injected back into the scalp. The reason why it is preferred frequently is that it is a very safe method because it does not contain any medication and there is no risk of allergies.
Mesotherapy is performed by injecting products consisting of some drugs, vitamins and minerals into the scalp. Since the substances that the hair follicles need are injected directly, the effect is seen faster. Another method similar to these treatments is stem cell therapy. With this method, stem cells obtained from the person’s own skin are obtained in a special way and injected into the areas where the hair is shed and thinned. Again, in some studies conducted in recent years, it has been shown that laser treatments applied to the scalp have successful results. In cases where there is no response to all these treatments or in diseases where permanent hair loss develops, surgical methods, ie hair transplantation, can be applied. It has very satisfactory results especially in patients with androgenetic alopecia and should be preferred in advanced stage patients ”.
PAY ATTENTION TO THESE SUGGESTIONS
Dr. Yardimci listed the points that should be considered in order to prevent hair loss as follows: “In order to prevent hair loss, first of all, correct hair and scalp care is very important. Hair should be washed gently with warm water daily or every other day according to its structure. Taking a bath with very cold or very hot water may disrupt the structure of the hair and cause them to fall out more easily. At the end of the bath, applying a conditioner to the ends of long hair reduces the breakage by providing more comfortable combing. People who use hair styling tools for styling should definitely wash their hair before going to bed.
Drying the hair and scalp after bathing should not be done too hot. I strongly do not recommend the use of hair care products recommended by non-experts. Some negative side effects and allergic conditions that may develop may increase hair loss. A person’s lifestyle is also very important for healthy hair. Reducing stress, quitting habits such as smoking and alcohol, paying attention to regular sleep and nutrition, drinking an average of 2-3 liters of water per day not only improves overall health, but also positively affects hair health. In patients with high risk of hair loss (eg genetic-induced hair loss), it can be aimed to strengthen existing hair with appropriate treatments without shedding. Oral collagen supplements can contribute to stronger and healthier hair, especially in women after 40s and after menopause. “