Faculty of Dentistry Department of Pedodontics Dr. Lecturer Dilek Özge Yılmaz, a member of the group, is a common cause of tooth decay; He stated that it is a disease that has biological, physical, economic, social and psychological effects. Yılmaz said, “The factors necessary for the formation of tooth decay are the presence of cariogenic (carious) bacteria in the mouth, the substances required for feeding these bacteria (sugar), the enzymes formed as a result of bacteria feeding or the acid formed by the consumption of certain foods and the effect of this acid on the hard tissues of the tooth.” used the expressions.

Referring to the causes of tooth decay in children, Yılmaz stated that nutrition is the main factor and used the following expressions:

” It is stated that children with early childhood caries (ECC) consume high levels of sugar, their sugar consumption is not only due to liquid foods given with a bottle, but also from sweetened solid foods. It is emphasized that this diet is one of the most important caries risk factors. Unconscious bottle use habit and the mother’s continuing to breastfeed the baby after the age of 1 are also defined as the most common factors. ”

Drawing attention to the fact that fruit juices also increase tooth decay in children, Yılmaz said, “Fruit juices have an erosive and cariogenic effect due to their pH (pH 3-4) and high sucrose content. Studies show that excessive consumption of fruit juice causes enamel losses in children. In a study conducted with children with early childhood caries, eating habits were examined and it was concluded that the dmfs values ​​of children who consume fruit juice are higher than the dmfs values ​​of children who consume water or milk. ”

Yılmaz emphasized that the presence of a large number of untreated decayed teeth of the mother or other family members is also an important factor, ” The mother or other family members who have a large number of untreated decayed teeth have a large number of mutans streptococci in the oral environment. The transmission of this bacteria from the mother or other family members to the child causes an increase in the incidence of caries in the child. The transition of this bacteria that causes caries from mother to child begins in the first 6 months and continues until the 31st month. ”

Underlining that besides all these factors, the oral care of the child should be good, Yılmaz said, “Poor oral care causes ECH to be seen in children. For this reason, families should regularly perform oral care for their children from an early stage. It is stated that families and caregivers brushing children’s teeth at least twice a day for 2 minutes will prevent the formation of caries. ”

Stating that the prevalence of early childhood caries could not be determined exactly, Dr. Özge Yılmaz, According to the researches, it has been reported that the most affected teeth are the upper incisors. In addition, it is stated that caries without cavities are more common on the flat surfaces of teeth between 6 and 18 months, and the frequency of cavitated caries increases after the 18th month. ”




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