Breast augmentation or augmentation mammoplasty or a surgical procedure aimed at increasing the size, shape or fullness of the breast.
With the surgical procedure, silicone, saline or alternative composite breast implants are placed under the pectoral muscles or breast tissue. Today, silicone breast implants are widely preferred. Implants last an average of 7 to 12 years. The procedure involves making an incision and placing an implant.
Why is breast augmentation preferred?
Breast augmentation is done to enlarge naturally small breasts, to restore breast size and shape after pregnancy, weight loss or breastfeeding, to provide symmetry when breasts are asymmetrical and to create breast after cancer treatment.
It includes plastic surgery, reconstructive surgery, and cosmetic surgery. Reconstructive breast surgery can be done as part of breast cancer treatment. Aesthetic breast surgery is performed for aesthetic purposes. Breast augmentation is normally a cosmetic surgery.
He found that breast augmentation through plastic surgery increased women’s self-esteem and sexual desire.
What are the types of breast implants?
A breast implant is a medical prosthesis that is placed inside the breast to enlarge, restructure or create the physical shape of the breast. Breast implants may contain silicone, saline, or other compound. There are three main types of breast implants:
Saline implants are filled with a sterile saline solution such as saline. The solution is contained in an elastomer silicone shell. These implants can be filled with different amounts of saline solution. This affects the feeling, firmness and shape of the breast.
Silicone gel filled implants consist of a silicone outer shell filled with silicone gel. Today, silicone gel filled implants are widely preferred because they give the closest feel and appearance to the natural breast tissue. Alternative composite implants can be filled with another material such as polypropylene thread.
How is the surgery done?
General anesthesia is normally used so that the patient sleeps during the surgery. Sometimes a local anesthetic is used and the patient is awake. There are several options for the incision. The surgeon and the patient should discuss the incision options.
The sub-breast incision made on the breast fold or periareolar incision around the nipple are the most preferred incision types. The choice of incision depends on the surgeon’s choice.
There are two types of placement in breast implants. A submuscular location can be placed under the pectoral muscle. Recovery may take longer and there may be more pain after the operation.
Submammary or subglandular placement can be placed behind the breast tissue, above the pectoral muscle. The cuts in the breast tissue are closed with layered stitches. At first the incision lines will be visible, but these will fade over time.
The surgery creates some swelling, but this will go away within two weeks. Incision lines also disappear.
How is the healing process?
As the anesthesia wears off, painkillers can be given to the patient to relieve pain. After general anesthesia, the patient should not drive. It is recommended to get support to go home. Soluble sutures disappear within a few weeks. If the patient has non-melting stitches or drainage tubes placed next to the breasts, they should be visited to the doctor again to remove them.
The doctor can advise on some post-operative exercises such as stretching and moving the arms to relieve pain and discomfort, as well as what type of bra to wear.
Every surgical procedure has risks. Breast augmentation surgery is an operation with a low risk of surgical complications.
Can breastfeeding be done?
Breast augmentation surgery is done by protecting the breast milking process. Expectant mothers generally do not have any trouble in breastfeeding their baby after breast augmentation surgery.