Stating that environmental factors and industrialization are effective in allergic diseases, Prof. Dr. Hülya Ercan Sarıçoban said, “We know that it has a very serious effect especially on the occurrence of respiratory allergies. “Exhaust fumes, increased air pollution, processed, packaged foods, microplastics, nanoparticles, as well as the use of detergents that have increased in use, especially in the current period, increase many chemicals and allergic reactions with their inhalation,” he said.
GLOBAL WARMING EXTENDS POLEN SEASON
Noting that allergic rhinitis, known as hay fever in the society and associated with pollen, is seen in the spring months when plants leave their pollen, Prof. Dr. Hülya Ercan Sarıçoban said, “The fact that the weather started to warm earlier with global warming and the season lasting longer, increased the duration of exposure to pollen. Pollination, which we normally expect to start in mid-April, starts in mid-March and takes longer than usual. That’s why we encounter more same allergens, pollen, ”he said.
LESS TIME SPENT AT HOME INCREASES RESPIRATORY ALLERGIES
Noting that respiratory allergies are triggered with the increase of time spent in the house, Prof. Dr. Hülya Ercan Sarıçoban used the following statements:
“Before 2 years of age, more food allergies are seen, but respiratory allergies are seen after 2 years of age. House dust mites, mold, animal skin rash, secretions and feathers, weeds, grass and tree pollen can be counted among the substances that can cause allergies by air. Staying at home for a long time also increases exposure to household allergens, house dust mites, mold fungi and animal dander. For this reason, it is important to take the necessary precautions, especially when staying at home. In addition, household cleaning and dishwashing, detergents used in washing machines, perfumes used in the home-room fragrances, cigarette smoke also contribute to the appearance of respiratory allergies.
THE SAME SYMPTOMS ARE NOT SEEN IN ALL ALLERGIES
Emphasizing that the symptoms of allergic diseases occur in many different ways and respiratory allergies reduce the quality of life, Prof. Dr. Hülya Ercan Sarıçoban, “With allergic colds, nasal itching, sneezing that occurs 10-15 times in a row, runny nose, then nasal congestion, difficult breathing, sleeping with open mouth, sleeping with open mouth and increased snoring at night with nasal obstruction, itching in eyes, Watering, rash, shortness of breath, unresolved cough and wheezing are among the common complaints we encounter. If it is not treated well, we encounter situations that disrupt the quality of life such as recurrent ear infections and hearing loss for young children, recurrence of sinusitis for older children and adults, and recurrent antibiotic use needs.
MEASURES THAT CAN BE TAKEN IN ALLERGY
Saying that knowing what the allergy is against, taking precautions before the allergy time comes and using allergy preventive drugs will be effective, Sarıçoban used the following statements:
“It is important to prevent unnecessary use of antibiotics and to eat vegetables and fruits instead of fast-food. Avoid processed, packaged, dyed foods that contain thickeners. If possible, children should not be allowed to be exposed to allergens and infections at an early age, such as nurseries and shopping malls. The vitamins and herbal medicines used cannot protect the immunocompromised child. Washing hands with soap and water is enough, not using hand disinfectants is important for allergic children. It is also very important to avoid the use of strong chemical solvents, washing and dishwasher detergents as much as possible in household cleaning. Cigarette smoke and air pollution also increase respiratory allergens. Even if smoking is on the balcony, it affects the lungs of the children in the house. The introduction of microplastics into the body also increases allergic diseases. For this reason, foods containing microplastics, plastic cooking and storage bags should be avoided. In short, it should be remembered again what our grandmothers did at home before 1960, what they ate, drank, and how they cleaned. It will also be important to reduce the amount of allergens in the home. If there is a house dust mite-mite allergy, it would be beneficial not to use wool, feather beds, duvets, pillows, wool carpets and thick curtains. It is also beneficial to keep the indoor humidity between 30-50 percent and not to feed furry animals. In addition, not going to the pollen-heavy picnic areas during the pollen season will reduce the complaints. “