Prof. Dr. Bayram, in a written statement, reminded that March 4 is accepted as “World Obesity Day” as of 2020 in order to create a stronger voice by organizations dealing with obesity in different parts of the world.
Defining obesity as “one of the most important and common health problems of the 21st century”, Bayram drew attention to the fact that according to the 2016 data of the World Health Organization (WHO), the prevalence of obesity worldwide has increased rapidly since 1975.
“Overweight and obezitel as the number of individuals in the world is increasing in Turkey.” Using the expression Bayram, made the following evaluations:
“In the most recently published report by the WHO Turkey, in Europe with 32 prevalence percent in the adult population it has been the country with the highest obesity. Studies have Kovid-19 shows will result in a significant increase in worldwide obesity rates of the pandemic. Stress and anxiety posed by the pandemic, home Factors such as increased time spent, unhealthy eating habits brought about by this process and difficulties in accessing treatment pose a great risk in terms of increasing obesity rates.
Many serious health problems such as obesity, diabetes, hypertension, high blood pressure, high blood lipids, coronary artery disease, stroke, various cancers, sleep-apnea syndrome, fatty liver, reflux, bile duct disease, infertility, depression, joint and movement problems. leads. Studies show that individuals with obesity are also at higher risk of getting Kovid-19 infection and having Kovid-19 disease more severe than normal weight individuals. Respiratory problems caused by obesity and additional diseases related to obesity increase the risk of developing pneumonia and the need for intensive care in these individuals. In addition to affecting the quality of life and duration of patients with serious health problems, obesity also creates a great burden on the health budgets of societies. “
Fat tissue accumulating in the belly area poses a higher risk for obesity-related diseases
Prof. Dr. Bayram stated that obesity is defined by WHO as “excessive fat accumulation in the body that will disrupt the health”, and the normal body fat ratio in healthy individuals; He stated that it is between 15-20 percent in men and 25-30 percent in women.
Expressing that one of the important factors determining the increased risk due to obesity is the place where fat accumulates in the body, Bayram said:
“It has been shown that adipose tissue accumulated in the umbilical region poses a higher risk for obesity-related diseases. A large number of genetic, environmental, physiological, biochemical, sociocultural and psychological factors cause obesity in relation to each other. Among these factors, excessive and malnutrition and lack of physical activity. Technological advances that make life easier and prevent energy expenditure (such as motor vehicles, escalators, elevators, internet and computer technology), nutrition has become an industry, has no place in natural life to obtain more durable and cheaper products. The introduction of nutritional additives (such as trans fats, starch-based sugars), increased consumption of ready-to-eat foods and fast diet are the main factors responsible for the increase in obesity prevalence in the world. “
Prof. Dr. Fahri Bayram stated that lifestyle changes including healthy nutrition and exercise are the main steps in the treatment and prevention of obesity, and that drug therapy and surgical methods can also be used when necessary and appropriate.
Pointing out that in the treatment of obesity, wrong practices such as “miracle” diets that spoil health, herbal therapies without scientific basis and experimental surgical methods are increasingly preferred, Bayram emphasized that raising awareness in the society and adopting healthy lifestyle habits from infancy to adulthood should be the primary goals.