Erciyes University Faculty of Medicine Head of Department of Skin and Venereal Diseases Prof. Dr. Murat Borlu told Anadolu Agency (AA) that every year at the end of May, they organize events to raise awareness about melanoma (skin cancer), “melanoma screening day”, but they continue to work with more limited activities due to the epidemic process.
Emphasizing that melanoma is a very serious disease, Borlu said, “It is a bad type of cancer that originates from cells that give color to the skin, can form from normal skin or moles, spreads very quickly and can end life in a short time. Melanoma, which looks like me, can be quite lethal in both men and women. It is a skin cancer. Since it is usually seen as a mole at first and sometimes develops from moles, it is necessary to examine the different appearances of moles.” he said.
Pointing out that checking new moles in the body is of great importance in terms of early diagnosis, Prof. Dr. Borlu said:
“While it can be treated very easily and simply with a small surgical procedure when caught early, unfortunately, treatment is not possible in the late stages. It usually does not cause problems such as pain and bleeding. These symptoms occur in the late stages. Therefore, it is difficult to catch the disease in the early stages.
This is possible only with suspicion. For this reason, the person should examine himself in front of the mirror to see if there is a new mole on my body. In addition, it is extremely important for people with many moles on their body to undergo a skin examination once a year, and when they have an asymmetrical appearance, irregularity on the edges, more than one color, growth or change, they apply to dermatologists and have these moles examined with a method we call dermoscopy, which makes the diagnosis easier.”
Explaining that melanoma is generally seen in advanced ages, Borlu stated that the incidence of the disease decreases to young ages due to sunbathing habits and wrong practices.
Noting that exposure to high doses of sun rays increases the risk of developing melanoma, Borlu continued as follows:
“In the past, it was generally seen over the ages of 50-60, now melanoma is seen up to the age of 30. Of course, genetic predisposition is important here. Being fair-skinned, being exposed to the sun, whether there is sunburn, especially in childhood, whether there is skin cancer in the family, some genetic predisposition There are many factors such as not having diseases or not, but one thing that cannot be denied is exposure to high doses of sunlight, especially exposure to very intense sunlight at certain times, not the total amount of sunlight.
That’s why we shouldn’t stay in the sun for a long time in order to get a tan, especially children, between 11:00 and 15:00 in summer. The hours when the sun’s most dangerous rays hit the earth are between 11:00 and 15:00. As dermatologists, we definitely do not recommend sunbathing between these hours.”