The coronavirus has also increased the time spent at home inactivity. When work and education moved to homes, many problems arose in the musculoskeletal system. Head of Physiotherapy Program at Istanbul Ayvansaray University, Lecturer. See. Ahmet Rasim Özdemir said, “During this period, the most common problem we encountered was low back pain, especially due to the inactivity of the students and the fact that they were at the desk from morning to evening, unsuitable chairs, and working lying down. We often encounter tension in our neck muscles with the head forward posture.”

Expressing that insufficient physical activity causes weight gain, Özdemir said, “However, muscle weakness and joint pain began to appear. When we say a sedentary life, muscle weakness, joint pain, we can encounter many physical problems. Another problem is spine problems. Scoliosis problems and spinal curvatures in growing children are another problem we encounter.

Reminding a study conducted with home workers and health workers, Özdemir said, “Comparing their low back pain, it is seen that those who stay at home suffer 40 percent more low back pain. We see that those who are active, those who have more mobility, and those who are on the field suffer less low back pain.”

Emphasizing that problems such as neck straightening, scoliosis and kyphosis problems, herniated disc and neck hernia may be seen more frequently in the long term, Özdemir said, “I think that calcification problems will often be seen together with inactivity in the joints.”

Physiotherapist Ahmet Rasim Öztekin explained the necessary tips to reduce joint pain caused by inactivity with the following words:

“We can take walks with breaks of 5 minutes per hour. We can add 5-minute stretching exercises with neck and shoulder movements while in front of the screen. If we do 5-minute stretching exercises in the morning and evening, it is possible not to encounter these pains. Ergonomic furniture is also very important. Having the chair with armrests and lumbar support and having the computer screen at eye level will provide a good opportunity for us to eliminate both the head posture and the low back pain problem. They can constantly remind themselves of this by writing notes like ‘stand up, don’t forget’ in front of their screens. The design of the table, the height of the table and the height of the chair are very important.”

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