Hikikomori, which is a Japanese word and has the meaning of “withdrawal, being imprisoned”, is seen as escaping from people, feeling reliable in one life, isolating oneself from social life. Experts, stating that these people withdraw from life and spend all their time in their rooms except for their basic needs, point out that excessive foster family attitudes and technology addiction trigger the disease. Experts emphasize the importance of social interaction and strengthening family ties.
Expert Psychologist Merve Umay Candaş provided information and advice on Hikikomori, which is increasing today.
Reaction to social roles and responsibilities
Merve Umay Candaş noted that the hikikomori leave social life aside and spend their time in their home or in their room except for their basic needs, and said, “Hikikomori can be seen as a reaction to social roles and responsibilities, and the use of time.”
Overprotective family attitudes trigger
Merve Umay Candaş pointed out especially technology addiction and overprotective family attitudes and said, “Overprotective family attitudes are also among the reasons that trigger this disease. Especially the use and addiction of technology is one of the most important factors that trigger the beginning for hikikomori. “Hikikomori is an increasing disease of our modern age,” he said.
It has four key features
Merve Umay Candaş stated that an article published in the scientific publication World Psychiatry lists four basic features of hikikomori disease, and said:
“These traits are being confined to home, running away from people, increased stress, other accompanying psychological disorders. In the Far Eastern countries, especially in Japan, the Hikikomori are increasing in number. With the developing technology, the numbers are increasing gradually around the world. With the social isolation they are in, hikikomori find themselves in problems such as loneliness, depression, anxiety disorders, anger, obesity, stress, communication problems. The fact that these individuals start to meet their social relations and communication needs with social media will make it difficult to get out of their situation. Hikikomori can be the basis of psychological disturbances in the medium and long term. “
Families should interpret their children’s behavior correctly
Pointing out the importance of early awareness in the treatment of hikikomori, Merve Umay Candaş drew attention to the need for families to interpret their children’s behaviors correctly.
It is important to strengthen social interaction
Expert Clinical Psychologist Merve Umay Candaş listed her recommendations as follows:
“Families should be in solution-oriented communication with individuals, not in conflict. Healthy communication with individuals should be established and should be directed to activities and practices that will strengthen social interaction. Family ties should be strengthened. Psychological help and psychotherapy support should be obtained. Expert opinions related to the problem encountered should be taken into consideration. It should be felt and stated by behavior that individuals are not alone. It should be supported and encouraged to break its social isolation. Individuals’ preferences should be taken into account with empathy. “