The number of allergic individuals is increasing rapidly in the world. Stating that the Center for Disease Prevention and Control (CDC) in the USA reported that between 1997 and 2007, food allergy increased by 18 percent in the world and affected 3.9 percent of children. Dr. Deniz Kulak Gedik warned families about food allergy due to Food Allergy Awareness Week.
MAY CAUSE GROWTH FAILURE
Emphasizing that food allergy has manifested as a small rash only once and may have been overcome, it may be seen for days with diarrhea, inability to feed, growth retardation and even life-threatening dimensions. Dr. Deniz Kulak Gedik said, “The allergic body of the person may remain silent for years, and the tolerance to food allergy that causes intense bloody diarrhea may develop over time and the allergy may become silent again.
Those with breast milk allergy are also sensitive to meat
Noting that every food can be allergen, Uzm. Dr. Deniz Kulak Gedik said, “The most common allergen in the world and in our country is cow’s milk allergy. Since cow’s milk has a similar structure to goat’s milk, there is a cross reaction and goat’s milk often shows an allergic reaction. Egg white comes after milk in the list of the most common allergens in our country. Egg white is more allergic than yolk. 10 percent of those allergic to cow’s milk also have a sensitivity to meat. Cow meat is more allergic than mutton ”he said.
Noting that abnormal reactions that occur following food intake are defined as ‘adverse food reactions’, Uzm. Dr. Gedik, food allergy of those that develop as a result of immune response; He stated that those developing with unknown mechanisms other than immune response are defined as food intolerance.
Underlining that food allergies may be mediated by IgE (Immunoglobulin E antibody in the blood), they may also develop with non-IgE reactions. Dr. Deniz Kulak Gedik said, “Therefore, we do not always expect the specific IgE to be positive in food allergy. “Those dependent on IgE often appear within the first 20 minutes or 1-2 hours after intake of food,” he said.
Vomiting MAY BE WITHIN 3 HOURS AFTER SYMPTOMS
Exp. Dr. Deniz Kulak Gedik listed the symptoms of the two most common types of food allergy in children as follows:
“Symptoms in food protein-related enterocolitis manifest as restlessness, gushing vomiting, and diarrhea. Vomiting occurs 1-3 hours after feeding. Food protein-related proctocolitis, on the other hand, manifests itself with bloody diarrhea that usually occurs in the first months. In addition, gastrointestinal system, respiratory system and skin findings are seen; There are also types of food allergies such as eosinophilic esophagitis, eosinophilic gastroenteritis, atopic eczema, urticaria, angioedema, rhinoconjunctivitis. “
IF ATOPIC DERMATITIS IS AVAILABLE EARLY ADDITIONAL FOOD MAY BE TRANSFERRED
Adding that one-third of children with atopic eczema have food allergies, Uzm. Dr. Deniz Kulak Gedik shared the following information:
“There are hypotheses suggesting that early antigen presentation from the gastrointestinal system is beneficial in reducing the sensitivity of allergens entering through the skin. In other words, it is thought that taking the allergen not through the skin but through the stomach and intestines reduces the risk of food allergy. In other words, applying fruit-based creams or food-based oils to the baby’s body can cause allergen intake through the skin, resulting in the development of food allergy. In children with atopic eczema, starting additional food early may reduce the development of food allergy. It is thought that starting supplementary food should not be started before 4 months, but carefully starting additional food before 6 months in children with atopic dermatitis has the effect of reducing the allergic sensitivity of the person. According to this hypothesis, the use of oils and products of nutrients increases the risk of food allergy. “
TRANSITION TO ADDITIONAL FOOD MUST BE UNDER DOCTOR’S SUPERVISION
Stating that although it is recommended to start additional food early in children with atopic eczema, the foods should be selected according to the age at which the child is born and should be under the supervision of a pediatrician at this transition stage. Dr. Deniz Kulak Gedik said, “The ban on foods that were banned before certain months continues. When an intense allergic reaction is observed, it is necessary not to try that food again for a certain period of time in accordance with the physician’s instructions. In fact, some foods may need to be tried, patients may need to be hospitalized and made under surveillance, ”he said.
FOOD ALLERGY MAY TURN INTO ASTHMA IN THE FUTURE
Adding that atopic eczema and food allergy coexistence are common, Uzm. Dr. Deniz Kulak Gedik said, “In the baby who has a food allergy, there may be a history of eczema, eczema may be ongoing, or even a new emergence in addition to other allergic symptoms. Food allergy is more pronounced in younger ages. Food allergies such as cow’s milk allergy may improve over time. Sometimes, the allergen food can be life-threatening for the person to cause anaphylaxis. In the future, the frequency of developing diseases such as asthma and allergic rhinitis has also increased in babies with food allergies, ”he said.