prof. Dr. Tolga Kandoğan emphasized that difficulty in swallowing is among the main symptoms of pharyngeal cancer.
Kandoğan, “If the cancer has descended to the throat, it is observed as a voice disorder and the beginning of weight loss in the next stage. If it is an advanced case, it may appear as a palpable mass in the neck.” made its assessment.
Stating that individuals who use cigarettes and alcohol have a high risk of developing pharyngeal cancer, Kandoğan said, “If there are complaints about swallowing and voice changes, the throat area should be examined with endoscopy. Such complaints may be a harbinger of cancer.” used the phrases.
Stating that pharyngeal cancers are mostly seen in men, Kandoğan said:
“Individuals who do not care about oral hygiene and have an unhealthy diet at older ages are at higher risk of developing pharyngeal cancers, also called ‘mouth and throat cancers’. It is more common in people who use cigarettes and alcohol. Smoking alone is also a major factor. Alcohol is more synergistic. The combination of the two increases the probability too much. In addition to cigarettes and alcohol, unhealthy foods, commercial smoke and the smoke of chemical substances are among the factors. Pesticides are a factor in the development of cancer, they can cause cancer not only in the head and throat, but also in other parts of the body. HPV virus also plays a role in the development of mouth and throat cancers.
Non-healing wounds in the mouth are mostly the harbinger of oral cancers. We can diagnose the tumor after tongue, jaw and intraoral examination. It is difficult to detect the mass by examining the inside of the mouth in throat cancers. It is detected more easily with the help of endoscopy. The area we need to look at is under the back of the tongue. Therefore, it is in an area that we cannot see directly with the naked eye. Even with treatment, there may be a risk of cancer recurrence. The rate increases even more in advanced stages of cancer. If it is detected in the early stages, there is a higher chance of complete removal, close to 90 percent. However, if left untreated, it can lead to respiratory and esophageal obstruction and cause fatal consequences.
“Priority surgical intervention in treatment”
prof. Dr. Emphasizing that the priority in the treatment is surgical intervention in all head and neck cancers, Tolga Kandoğan said, “In addition to surgical intervention, radiotherapy or chemotherapy can be applied in addition to surgical intervention in cancers of the mouth, throat or larynx. “If the tumor still shows resistance, surgery can be added or chemotherapy and radiotherapy can be continued. In these cases, the chance of success in the treatment decreases because the cancer is more advanced.” used the phrases.
Pointing out that the lungs are one of the first organs that pharyngeal cancers spread, Kandoğan said, “If these cancers are not treated, they can spread to the lungs, brain and bones, and in this case, they can cause fatal effects.” made its assessment.