Children’s favorite activities in summer are swimming in the sea and pool, building castles on the beach, and playing in parks. However, prolonged exposure to the sun can cause many health problems. Perhaps the most dangerous of these is sunstroke. The state of exhaustion and coma caused by losing the balance of body temperature after spending a long time in a hot environment is defined as sunstroke. It is especially common in children under the age of 4, due to the fact that their skin is more sensitive to heat and their vascular systems are not yet sufficiently developed.
Sunstroke manifests itself with the following symptoms:
blurring of consciousness,
weakness in the muscles,
Decreased nutrition, especially in young children
Nausea and seizures.
WHAT TO DO?
Sunstroke is a condition that needs urgent treatment. If the treatment is not done quickly; It causes serious damage to the brain, heart, kidneys and muscles. It can even cause organ failure, even life-threatening.
If you suspect sunstroke, immediately contact the nearest health institution or call 112 Emergency Service for help.
Move your child to an air-conditioned or cool environment until help arrives. Take off any excess clothing. Wet the skin with a sponge and cool it. Cool the armpits, groin, neck and back with damp cloths.
If conscious, provide immediate oral fluid intake, but if unconscious, do not drink fluids against the risk of suffocation. If the fever is high, try to reduce it with antipyretic drugs.
PROTECT IN 7 STEPS
Young children do not realize that they are thirsty. Especially in the 1-3 age group, make it a habit to spread 1-1.5 liters of water throughout the day and drink it without waiting for thirst.
If possible, do not take it outside between 11:00 and 16:00, when the sun’s rays are the steepest on the earth. Gradually extend the time you stay in the sun as it takes time for your body to get used to the high heat.
Do outdoor activities such as sports and games early in the morning or in the evening, not at noon.
Sunscreen products do not act immediately. Use sunscreen at least 30 minutes before going outside. If your child is under 1 year old, sunscreen with +50 protection factor is sufficient, and if your child is over 1 year old, +30 protection factor is sufficient. (Babies can use sunscreen after 5 months.)
Do not leave your child in a closed environment such as a car for a long time, even in the shade.
Wear loose, cotton, light-colored clothing. Wear a wide-brimmed, face-protective, thin, light-colored hat.
Do not eat fatty, excessively spicy and sugary foods as they negatively affect body temperature.