Emphasizing that brown spots, which are often seen on areas that are heavily exposed to the sun, such as the face, and become prominent in summer, are mostly caused by sun exposure, pregnancy and the use of birth control pills in young women, Anadolu Health Center Dermatology Specialist Dr. Kübra Esen Salman said, “The regular use of sunscreen cream every day, the choice of hats and clothes that protect from the sun, and the discontinuation of birth control pills, if possible, are among the most important factors in the treatment and protection of stains.”

Sunspots are seen on the forehead, cheeks, nose and chin in men.

Stating that sunspots, which are affected by hormonal changes such as estrogen increase, are mostly seen in women, but sunspots can occur in men, Dermatology Specialist Dr. Kübra Esen Salman said, “Especially in men who are exposed to intense sun without protection, symmetrical, irregular borders, and spots ranging from light to dark brown can be seen on the forehead, cheeks, nose and chin area.”

Those with dark skin color should be careful

Stating that the spots that occur mainly during pregnancy, also known as pregnancy masks, disappear spontaneously after pregnancy in light-skinned people, while the spots that occur in dark-skinned pregnant women generally continue after pregnancy. Kübra Esen Salman said, “While freckles and spots that appear in childhood and youth in white-skinned people can regress spontaneously as long as they are protected from the sun, they can cause sun damage in dark-skinned people who have been exposed to intense sun for a short time or who have not avoided the sun for years. As a result, treatment is usually needed in the spots that develop.

Dr. Esen Salman stated that various creams and cream combinations (hydroxychloroquine, retinoid, corticosteroid, vitamin C, azelaic acid etc.)

Sunspots are one of the most difficult dermatological problems

Underlining that the treatment of blemishes is one of the most difficult dermatological problems for the patient and the physician, Dr. Kübra Esen Salman said, “It is necessary to be patient in the treatment of sunspots, which affects the quality of life, and to know that miraculous results may not be obtained in a short time. For example, it may take 2 months for the effect of cream treatments to be seen, while the treatment may take 6 months. Emphasizing that creams or peelings can be beneficial, their misuse can also cause serious harm. Kübra Esen Salman, “Even if the spots are successfully treated, they can recur if they are not protected from the sun or if there is a genetic predisposition to staining. For this reason, it is absolutely necessary to proceed with treatments suitable for the skin type under the control of the dermatologist.

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