The human body is a system not only made of human cells, but also with microorganisms that it carries on both the skin and all surfaces, especially the digestive system. Microbiome; It is a term that expresses a community consisting of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, viruses. The deterioration of the healthy microbiome structure may be associated with both cutaneous and extracutaneous infections and many diseases related to immunity.
Probiotics keep intestinal flora in balance
Probiotics can be defined as live microorganisms that affect health positively by balancing the intestinal flora when taken with food and in certain amounts.
They are live microorganisms that have beneficial effects in repairing the disorder that occurs in the microbiome structure when they are in sufficient quantity. The most commonly used agents as probiotics are Lactobacilli and Bifidobacteria lactic acid producing bacteria, Streptococcus thermophilus, non-pathogenic strains of E.coli gram positive bacteria and some yeasts such as Saccharomyces boulardi. Probiotics are naturally present in certain foods such as breast milk, yogurt, kefir, fruit juices. In addition, it can be in liquid, capsule or powder form.
Strengthens the immune system
Probiotics act to strengthen the immune system by protecting the host against harmful bacteria. The digestive system, which is sterile at birth, encounters external factors immediately after birth. Children born in developed and developing countries also have different intestinal flora. While Bifidobacterium dominates in breastfed infants, complex bacterial flora predominance including Enterobacteriaceae, Bacterioides, Clostridium, Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium and streptococci in formula-fed infants. Probiotics create a healthy and suitable flora and prevent harmful bacteria that may reproduce later.
Repairs and protects skin flora
Probiotics; It is also effective in the prevention and treatment of diseases such as acne, eczema and atopic dermatitis. In addition, probiotics;
-Reduces water loss from the skin,
– Strengthens the skin barrier function,
-Accelerates wound healing,
-Prevents skin inflammations,
– Helpful in protecting against skin damage caused by UV rays,
It prevents harmful microflora elements from multiplying on the skin.
Prevents acne formation
Recently, it has been shown that topical probiotics applied to the skin also work in this area with antibacterial proteins. Probiotics not only reduce Propionibacterium acnes bacteria, but also contribute to the improvement of the barrier function of the skin. In two clinical studies on acne, the effects of topical Enterococcus fecalis and Lactobacillus plantarum were investigated and found to reduce inflammatory lesions.
Shows UV damage and anti-aging effects
Aging is a process that includes internal and external factors. The most important cause of extrinsic aging is UV rays. As a result of UV aging, wrinkles, increased sensitivity, skin blemishes, decrease in skin elasticity, aging process at molecular level, increase in the pH value of the skin and a slowdown in the fight against reactive oxygen molecules are seen. Some probiotic bacteria, such as Lactobacillus, reduce the pH of the medium by producing acidic molecules such as free fatty acids and conjugated linoleic acid during the fermentation process. Bacillus coagulans produces extracellular polysaccharides and monosaccharides, which have antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties. As a result, probiotics can be used to delay the effects of aging with their antioxidant effects and protective effects due to UV light damage, by restoring the normal skin pH value and reducing the protease activity levels observed in healthy skin.
Allergic body can be caused by intestinal flora imbalance.
In recent years, the intestinal flora hypothesis has been suggested in the formation of atopic dermatitis, that is, eczema, which is seen in people with an allergic body. According to this hypothesis, changes in the microbiome of the gut region underlie the atopic epidemic. In recent years, it has been reported that the deterioration of the normal intestinal microbiome structure and content is associated with atopic diseases. It is suggested that the intestinal flora of atopic children is different, and this flora is improved by the administration of probiotics, especially lactic acid-producing bacteria. When the intestinal flora of atopic children was examined, it was found that it was different from the non-atopic ones, beneficial microorganisms were less and Clostridium bacteria were more. Probiotics balance this disorder.