Stating that idiotic pulmonary fibrosis disease can cause serious problems in the dimension of respiratory failure, Assoc. Dr. Ahmet Demirkaya said, “These patients may become unable to do their daily activities over time. While the disease is more common after the age of 70, it is very rare under the age of 40. “The reason why it is more common in older ages is due to the decrease in the ability of the lungs to regenerate and heal with age,” he said.
“ATTENTION TO THE RISK FACTORS OF THE DISEASE”
Stating that idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a chronic and progressive lung disease of unknown cause, characterized by severe fibrosis, Dr. Demirkaya said, “Although the root cause of IPF is unknown, there are some risk factors that are thought to cause the development of the disease. These risk factors include familial predisposition, in other words genetic mutations, advanced age, male gender, smoking, environmental effects, occupational conditions, viral and bacterial infections. IPF is not passed on to children, but sometimes more than one family member may have IPF. This suggests that genes can cause disease, ”he said.
SMOKING HABITS AVAILABLE IN 70 PERCENT OF PATIENTS
Stating that there have been many studies showing that smoking has a role in the development of IPF for many years and that approximately 70 percent of IPF patients have a smoking habit, Dr. Demirkaya said, “People who smoke or have a previous history of smoking have a higher risk of developing IPF and the course of the disease is worse compared to patients with IPF who do not smoke.”
Stating that most patients can be diagnosed with chronic bronchitis, asthma, chronic lung disease (COPD), heart failure before being diagnosed with IPF, Dr. Demirkaya used the following statements:
“The most prominent complaint is dyspnea on exertion, which increases with movement or while doing daily work. Shortness of breath usually occurs insidiously and progresses slowly because it is slow at first; Patients often have shortness of breath that gradually increases for 6 months or more. Cough is a common complaint. Most patients have a persistent cough, and patients complain of a dry cough that is unresponsive to medications. In patients with IPF, a deformity known as ‘clubbing’ can be seen on the fingertips due to lack of oxygen in the blood. Clubbing of the toes is not specific to IPF and can occur in other lung conditions and heart diseases. Rarely, it may be present at birth. “
THERE IS NO FULLY TREATMENT
Emphasizing that the disease is not a complete cure today, Demirkaya said, “The clinical course of IPF is different in every patient. It may be fast in some and slower in others. The disease itself is not only the problem but also the complications it causes. Treatment of other accompanying diseases is also important. For this reason, treatment options are specific to each patient and should be made in line with the joint decisions of many physicians and branches ”.
Demirkaya stated that the biggest development in the treatment of IPF in recent years is the production of antifibrotic drugs that prevent the progression of hardening in the lung structure. .
“IF YOU HAVE STRENGTH OF BREATHING COMPLAINTS, IT IS THE BEST DECISION TO GET AN EXPERT OPINION”
Dr. Demirkaya said, “If you have Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis, you may feel short of breath and a dry cough at the same time. You may find that you cannot do your usual activities without shortness of breath. You may feel the need to slow down, stop and rest while walking. It may be difficult for you to climb or climb stairs due to shortness of breath. Low-than-normal blood oxygen levels not only affect your daily activities, but can cause high blood pressure (also called pulmonary hypertension) in your lungs. This situation puts an additional strain on your heart, and if low blood oxygen levels are not treated, it can also lead to heart failure. It would be the best decision to go to the nearest hospital and get expert opinion ”.