Prof. Demirtürk “Colon cancer is a heterogeneous disease that occurs with the interaction of genetic predisposition and environmental factors and can be treated with early diagnosis. “70 percent of the disease can occur sporadically (by environmental factors), so unbalanced eating habits, tobacco use, inactivity and excess weight can trigger colon cancer,” he said.
Stating that colon cancer is more common in men than in women, Gastroenterology Specialist Prof. Dr. Levent Demirtürk said, “Colon cancer is the 3rd in Europe for both genders and the second most common after breast cancer in women when we look at the world.”
Prof. Dr. Levent Demirtürk continued his words as follows:
“If there is no other reason, the disease; It may give symptoms such as abdominal discomfort, abdominal pain, weight loss, weakness, fatigue, anemia, blood in the stool, change in defecation habits. These symptoms may vary depending on the area where the cancer is located. Cancers located close to the anus region or on the left side of the intestine give symptoms earlier. “
AGE IS THE BASIC RISK FACTOR
Drawing attention to the fact that age is the main risk factor in colon cancer, the incidence of colon cancer has increased since the age of 50. Dr. Demirtürk said, “People who live inactive, have an unbalanced diet, consume alcohol and tobacco products, have an inflammatory bowel disease, have cancer-precursor polyps in their intestines, have a family history of colon cancer and have other cancers that have been detected before” are at risk.
PAY ATTENTION TO EXERCISE AND NUTRITION
Emphasizing the importance of physical exercises, Prof. Dr. Demirtürk Physical exercise, stating that 45-60 minutes of brisk walking at least three days a week is beneficial, “Red meat consumption should be reduced, avoided consumption of processed meat (salami, sausage, sausage, etc.), fresh vegetables, fruits, calcium, fiber, Attention should be paid to a balanced diet including omega 3, folate and B vitamins, foods cooked in direct contact with coal should not be consumed if possible, and the ideal weight should be maintained ”.
GET A COLONOSCOPY UNDER 50 YEARS OLD
Noting that the age of 50 is critical, Prof. Dr. Demirtürk said, “Even if you don’t have colon cancer in your family, age 50 is a medium risk group for colon cancer. For this reason, it should not be neglected to perform the current approach colonoscopy examination at the recommended times since the age of 50, which is effective compared to other screening methods.
EARLY DIAGNOSIS SAVES LIVES
Underlining that colon cancer is a fatal disease if not diagnosed at an early stage, Prof. Dr. Demirtürk said, “Patients who are diagnosed, followed up and treated at an early stage can lead their normal lives. In patients diagnosed with cancer, treatment differs depending on where the cancer is located in the intestine, the length of the involved part, whether it has spread to the surrounding area or to another organ. In this context, it may be necessary to remove the tumor part or a part of the intestine in general or to apply radiotherapy and chemotherapy. In patients who do not have the chance of curative surgery, in order to prevent intestinal obstruction, if the location of the tumor is suitable, metallic stenting or chemotherapy are the main treatment practices.