As the Eid-al-Adha approaches, purchases and preparations for slaughter have gained momentum. Although some citizens can perform the sacrifices themselves, the slaughter is mostly entrusted to professional hands. However, a large number of accidents can occur in transactions made by butchers, let alone individual segments. First aid is of great importance in cutting accidents, which can sometimes result in severe injuries or loss of limbs. Instructor See. Özlem Karagöl talked about what to do in the first interventions to victims of slaughtering accidents.
FIRST AID IN OUTER BLEEDING AND LIMBER SHEAR
Stating that the course of bleeding can be followed visually in external bleeding and the bleeding will usually stop within 6-10 minutes, Lecturer. See. Özlem Karagöl said, “However, unless the bleeding is intervened in arterial bleeding, it constantly bleeds and clot formation is prevented. Excessive blood loss can endanger a person’s life.
Saying that applying direct pressure on the bleeding site to stop the bleeding in external bleeding is an adequate intervention to stop small and medium-sized bleeding, Karagöl said, “If the bleeding does not stop, a second cloth is placed and the pressure is continued. Even if the first cloth is covered with blood, it is never removed (if it is removed, the clot formed and bleeding increases) and the second cloth is placed on it. If necessary, pressure is applied by wrapping it with a bandage to continue the pressure without removing the cloths on the bleeding place. If the bleeding is in the arms and legs, the bleeding area is lifted above the heart level and kept motionless; However, in case of fracture, foreign body penetration and spinal injury, the bleeding area cannot be lifted up.
Karagöl listed the things to be done in external bleeding as follows:
“The condition of the patient or injured person is evaluated, the wound or bleeding is evaluated, medical help (112) is requested if necessary, if necessary, the shock position is given (lying on the back and the feet are raised 30 centimeters), methods of stopping bleeding are applied, vital signs are evaluated at frequent intervals, the bleeding area will remain outside. so that the injured person is covered.”
FIRST AID IN CASE OF LIMBER HAPPINESS
Özlem Karagöl, who also gave information about the first intervention in limb ruptures, said, “If there is an object stuck in the body (the knife), it is definitely not removed. In order to prevent the object from moving forward or backward, it is fixed by supporting it with clean cloths. Medical assistance is requested” and summarized the actions to be taken in this regard as follows:
“Immediate medical help (112 call) is requested. If necessary, the shock position (lying on his back and elevating his feet 30 centimeters) is given. The part where the limb is severed is covered with a clean cloth and pressure is applied on it. The limb is elevated to stop the bleeding. The wound is covered so that the bleeding area is out. The severed limb is wrapped in a clean cloth. The limb is placed in a waterproof plastic bag and the mouth is tightly closed. 1 part of water and 2 parts of ice are put into the second plastic bag. The bag containing the limb is placed in the second bag prepared. This process prevents the direct contact of the broken piece with ice and ensures that it is transported in a cold environment. The name and surname of the sick or injured person and the time of the limb are written on the bag. The severed limb is delivered to the medical aid (112) team. The injured and the severed limb should be delivered to the health institution within 6 hours at the latest by the same vehicle.”
FIRST AID APPLICATIONS FOR FRACTURES
Stating that the area should be fixed in order to prevent the situation from worsening in fractures, dislocations and sprains, First and Emergency Aid Program Head Lecturer. See. Özlem Karagöl said, “In fractures, adjacent nerve and vascular injuries usually occur together. For this reason, the movement of the region is prevented with the fixations and dressings made in first aid applications in fractures, and the damages that may occur in the nerves and vessels are minimized.
Karagöl shared the following information about first aid rules:
“The injury that threatens the life of the patient or injured should be given priority. It should not be moved unnecessarily. Clothing in the broken area should be cut off. Fracture signs should be evaluated. If there is bleeding, it should be stopped. If an open fracture is developed, the wound should be covered with a clean cloth. Body temperature should be maintained by covering it. If necessary, medical help (112) should be sought.”