Erciyes University Faculty of Medicine Head of Department of Skin and Venereal Diseases Prof. Dr. Murat Borlu stated to the AA correspondent that they organize activities to raise awareness about melanoma (skin cancer) every year at the end of May, they hold a “melanoma screening day”, but they continue to work with more limited activities due to the epidemic process.
Emphasizing that melanoma is a very serious disease, Borlu said, “It is a bad type of cancer that originates from cells that give color to the skin, can form from normal skin or moles, spreads very quickly and can end life in a short time. Melanoma, which looks like me, can be quite lethal in both men and women. It is a skin cancer. Since it is usually seen as a mole at first and sometimes develops from moles, it is necessary to examine the different appearances of moles.” he said.
Pointing out that checking new moles in the body is of great importance in terms of early diagnosis, Prof. Dr. Borlu said:
“When caught early, it is treated very easily and simply with a small surgical procedure, but unfortunately, treatment is not possible in the late stages. Usually it does not cause problems such as pain and bleeding. This causes symptoms in the late stages. Therefore, it is difficult to catch the disease in the early period. This is possible. Therefore, the person should examine himself in front of the mirror to see if there is a new mole on my body. In addition, people with many moles on their body should have a skin examination once a year, when they have an asymmetrical appearance, irregularity on the edges, more than one color, growth or change. It is extremely important that we apply to dermatology specialists and have these moles examined with a method that we call dermoscopy, which facilitates the diagnosis.”
“High doses of sunlight increase risk“
Explaining that melanoma is generally seen in advanced ages, Borlu stated that the incidence of the disease decreases to young ages due to sunbathing habits and wrong practices.
Noting that exposure to high doses of sun rays increases the risk of developing melanoma, Borlu continued as follows:
“In the past, it was generally seen above the age of 50-60, now melanoma is seen up to the age of 30. Of course, genetic predisposition is important here. Being fair-skinned, being exposed to the sun, whether there is sunburn, especially in childhood, whether there is skin cancer in the family, there are some genetic factors. There are many factors such as having diseases or not, but there is one thing that cannot be denied, exposure to high doses of sunlight. Especially being exposed to very intense sunlight at certain times, not the total amount of sunlight. Therefore, between 11:00 and 15:00 in the summer months, especially children “None of us should stay in the sun for a long time to get tanned. The hours when the sun’s most dangerous rays fall on the earth are between 11:00 and 15:00. As dermatologists, we definitely do not recommend sunbathing between these hours.”