Interventional Cardiologist Prof. Dr. In his written statement, Ali Metin Esen explained that, according to statistics, cardiovascular diseases rank first among all causes of death among non-communicable diseases in Turkey, especially ischemic heart diseases and cerebrovascular diseases.
Noting that approximately 400 thousand people die of cardiovascular diseases in Turkey annually, Esen stated that it is known that there are currently 3.5 million people with cardiovascular diseases in Turkey and that this number is expected to increase to 5.4 million in 2035.
Esen stated that in an increasing number of studies, it was revealed that a significant portion of people who had Kovid-19 suffered some type of heart damage, even if they did not have the disease serious enough to be hospitalized, and shared the following information:
“Whether this situation carries the risk of developing heart failure in the long term has become a matter of debate. There is increasing concern that individuals who survived the infection but have permanent cardiovascular damage may be more than anticipated. It is known that many hospitalized patients show evidence of cardiac damage. Approximately those hospitalized with Kovid-19. Cardiovascular complications are detected in about a quarter. Cardiovascular complications contribute to approximately 40 percent of all deaths associated with COVID-19 in hospitals and intensive care units. Two recent studies suggest that heart damage may be more common among those infected. Autopsy was performed on 39 people who died due to Kovid-19 and had no cardiovascular involvement before, and it was found that 19 of them were affected by their cardiovascular systems. The arrows were examined by cardiac MRI and cardiac involvement was observed in 78 percent. Moreover, most of these patients had gone through the illness without being admitted to the hospital. “
Stating that it is not currently known to determine who is at risk or whether those who recover from the virus will develop heart problems, Esen continued as follows:
“People recovering from Kovid-19 should monitor the symptoms of shortness of breath, chest pain, swelling in the ankles, heart palpitations or irregular heartbeat, inability to lie flat without shortness of breath, awakening with shortness of breath at night and dizziness, and consult a cardiologist if they experience these. In the presence of these complaints, echocardiography, cardiac MRI and coronary CT angiography are performed in order to evaluate the possibility of damage to the heart muscle and vessels or the heart membrane. “
Recommendations for heart health
Prof. Dr. Ali Metin Esen pointed out that high blood pressure continues to be the leading cause of premature aging of the heart, and offered the following recommendations for heart health:
“Set small goals, such as 30 minutes of exercise 4-5 days a week. Staying active can greatly reduce the risk of heart disease. Eat a healthy diet to have a healthy heart. A balanced diet includes whole grains as well as fresh fruits and vegetables by making healthy choices Reduce the amount of fat and sugar in your diet. This will positively affect your blood sugar and blood fat. Smoking is one of the biggest causes of coronary heart disease and hypertension. Plan to quit smoking in small steps. Controlling your salt intake will also help you maintain a healthy blood pressure level. Cardiovascular diseases, some heart muscle diseases and valvular diseases are inherited. early treatment with diagnosis will provide opportunities. “