Dermatology Specialist Dr. Lecturer Oya Yeşim Hacımustafaoğlu Utkan stated that the pigment melanin in the outer layer of the skin is protective from harmful sunlight.
Utkan noted the following:
“Normally, the sun rays that the skin is exposed to are retained by melanin in the skin and the damage to the lower layers of the skin is prevented. However, the protective effect of melanin is insufficient when the sun is too long. Sunburn occurs on the skin. In these areas, we encounter problems such as drying, wrinkles, color changes.Although the skin seems to be thickened in the areas where the burns are, in fact, these skin parts become weak and can be easily injured.
Again, prolonged exposure to sunlight may cause consequences such as premature aging and wrinkle formation. Although sunburn and premature aging are very challenging situations, the most feared consequence of harmful sun exposure is skin cancer. Skin cancer is the most common of all types of cancer. In most people with this cancer, the condition may go undiagnosed, but in some patients, the cancer can spread and cause serious consequences, up to death. Less melanin pigment, especially in people with fair skin color, causes the skin to be more sensitive to harmful rays. For this reason, skin cancer is more common in people with fair skin. By protecting our skin from harmful sun rays, it is possible to prevent skin cancer and other undesirable conditions. “
“A few simple applications are sufficient to protect from harmful sun rays. It would be appropriate not to be exposed to the sun for a long time between 11.00-15.00 hours during the day, except in cases where the person has to go in the summer months.” Utkan drew attention to the following:
“These hours are the hours when the skin is most exposed to sunlight. Therefore, it will be healthier to go out before or after this time interval. Especially when going out at noon, a hat should be worn, a long-sleeved top or trousers should be preferred. It may be difficult to wear them in hot weather.Therefore, it may be more sensible to wear cotton and thin fabric clothes.Also, practices such as using an umbrella outside and spending time under the shade of a tree, if possible, provide protection from the sun. Using glasses also reduces the risk of developing cataracts. “
Noting that a certain amount of sunlight is needed for vitamin D synthesis, Utkan stated that it will be sufficient for the arms to be exposed to the sun for 10 to 15 minutes for two to three days a week between 12 and 14 o’clock, especially in the summer months.
Stating that one of the most effective methods of sun protection is the use of sunscreen, Utkan continued his words as follows:
“By choosing the right sunscreen, it is possible for the skin to get rid of the harmful effects of the sun. One point to consider when choosing a sunscreen is that the product is protective against both Ultraviolet A and Ultraviolet B rays. UVA and UVB are two of the types that damage the skin from sunlight.
UVA; It penetrates deeply into the skin and causes problems such as skin spots and wrinkles. UVB affects the upper layers of the skin and causes sunburn. It would be better to use a protective cream against both. Sunscreen should be used all the time, not just in summer. Sunscreen should always be used, especially in areas with a high number of sunny days. It is wrong to think that the cream application will be enough to apply once when leaving the house and that the protection will continue throughout the day. The cream should be applied to the skin again at least every 3-4 hours during the stay outside. “
Utkan also underlined that, thanks to all these applications, damage to the skin due to the sun will be prevented.