Res. See. Onur Salman Körtelli stated that posture is very important in all stages of life from birth, and that posture disorders are quite common in children. Körtelli reminded that especially during the pandemic process, children are away from physical activities and said, “The posture of children can be negatively affected by reasons such as prolonged time spent on television, tablets or phones, obesity, inaccuracies in sitting position, carrying heavy school bags.”
“POSTURE DISORDERS MAY ALSO CAUSE PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS”
Pointing out that the most common posture disorders in childhood are anterior rounding of the shoulders, kyphosis (hunchback), lordosis (excessive waist cupping) and scoliosis (spine curvature), Körtelli said, “Many problems can arise in children due to posture disorders. Symptoms such as waist, neck, back pain, muscle weakness, nerve compression, shoulder and arm pain, leg pain can be seen, as well as serious problems related to respiratory functions, circulatory system and digestive system. Posture disorder can sometimes lead to psychological problems as it also affects the appearance, ”he said.
“ATTENTION TO CORRECT SEATING POSITION AND WEIGHT CONTROLLER”
Stating that preventive measures play an important role in the treatment of posture disorders, Körtelli said, “Providing the correct sitting position and obesity control play an important role at this point. For a good sitting position, a table or desk suitable for the height of the child should be selected. While sitting, the body should be upright. Arms and legs should be in symmetrical position, feet should be placed parallel to the floor The back should touch the back of the seat or chair exactly. The waist gap should be supported with a small pillow or special apparatus. When children are using a tablet or computer, attention should also be paid to the screen height. The top of the screen should be set at children’s eye level. In addition, in order to shorten the sitting time, the sitting time should be reduced with various activities at home and during break hours at school. Weight control should be provided in children. For this, proper nutrition advice should be taken from the experts, physical activities and sports should be encouraged according to the interests of the children ”.
EXERCISE TREATMENT FOR POSTURE DISORDERS
Stating that another important tool in the treatment of posture disorders is exercise, Körtelli said, “Exercise should be created individually by a physiotherapist, taking into account the type of posture disorder and the child’s condition. Exercise therapy may include posture exercises, flexibility exercises, range of motion exercises, strengthening exercises, breathing exercises and exercises specific to posture disorder. Some special techniques, corset use and surgery can also be applied according to the type, degree and influence of posture disorders, ”he said.