Anxiety disorder (anxiety); Stating that there are common symptoms such as increased heart rate, shortness of breath, being constantly tired, insomnia, muscle and bone pain, digestive problems, excessive sweating, tremor, and decreased immunity, Uzm. Clinical Psychologist Tuğçe Özer gave information about what needs to be considered.
Increased heart rate during fear
Expressing that one of the most well-known physical symptoms of anxiety is an increase in heart rate, Özer said, “In a moment of fear and anxiety, with the nervous system being affected, more blood begins to be pumped to the heart, and thus the body begins to beat the larger muscles as if they are preparing for a possible war. This situation causes palpitations in the person. It creates a feeling,” he said.
Rapid breathing disrupts the oxygen balance
shortness of breath; Stressing that this is another important symptom, Psychologist Tuğçe Özer said, “The oxygen we breathe into our body mixes with our blood and starts to circulate in our body. The reactions to stress send a signal to our nervous system that we need more oxygen, again depending on primitive instincts. Thus, we start breathing more frequently. Breathing too quickly disrupts the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Since the body cannot balance the oxygen and carbon dioxide outflow, the other symptom of anxiety, shortness of breath, occurs, “he said.
An endless feeling of tiredness may occur.
Noting that being constantly tired is a symptom of anxiety, Özer said, “Our body spends a lot of energy trying to cope with stress reactions, and this causes us to feel tired. The energy we get is not enough and we see that our sleep is insufficient. “It creates a feeling of tiredness. In addition to physical fatigue, mental fatigue is also one of the factors that trigger anxiety.”
The way to reduce anxiety is to regulate sleep
Pointing out that our body secretes a large amount of adrenaline and cortisol hormones when we are in an anxious mood, Özer emphasized that this hormone also makes it difficult to go to sleep and shared the following information:
“The basis of reducing anxiety lies in regulating sleep. At least you can get a medication to regulate your sleep rhythm by a psychiatrist or stay away from blue rays to fall asleep. You can drip lavender oil or get support from a professional.”
Muscle and bone aches can turn into headaches
Stating that another reaction to stress is muscle and bone pain, Özer said, “Tight muscles in the body can cause chronic pain. If no precautions are taken, these bone and muscle pains can also turn into headaches.”
Emphasizing that people with anxiety also experience various problems in their digestive systems, Özer said that intestinal problems such as stomachache and constipation occur, and that even the intestines, which are in direct connection with the brain, are directly affected by stress and give signals of deterioration.
Sweating may occur
Expressing that our body begins to react when the nervous system is overstimulated, Özer added that another point caused by anxiety is the state of excessive sweating, which we call sweat discharge.
Noting that the hormones affected by anxiety attacks can cause tremors in the body, Özer said, “While tremors that are often seen in the hands are common, they can also occur in the legs and arms.”
Flu and colds are harder to recover from
Underlining that a decrease in immunity is another anxiety symptom that needs attention, Özer said:
“People with anxiety experience difficulties even with the illnesses that everyone goes through, such as flu and colds. People with anxiety disorders have a faster immune response and are more likely to get these diseases. Since anxiety is a factor that constantly stimulates the nervous system in a fight or flight fashion, what does the body respond to?” It leaves the body vulnerable to seasonal diseases by surprise.
Don’t say “Everyone is experiencing this, not just you”
Psychologist Tuğçe Özer made the following suggestions about what we should do if we are with a person who has an anxiety attack:
“We should ask open-ended questions about how the other person feels, we should empathize with him and question how he feels, we should listen to the other side without putting ourselves in the foreground by going into the background, we should make him see his mistakes in a polite way, we should make him realize where he is stuck in himself without blaming-judgment.”
Listing what should definitely not be done in the face of anxiety, Özer said, “We should not tell the person to calm down or breathe. We should not say that there is nothing to worry about, on the contrary, it may cause him to worry. We should not make sentences as if everyone is living it, not just you. We should say that everything is his fault. We shouldn’t say it,” he said.