According to the statement made by Bezmialem Vakıf University, the risk of cancer and cataract increases in eyes exposed to ultraviolet rays.
Bezmialem Vakif University, Department of Ophthalmology, lecturer Assoc. Dr. Fadime Nuhoğlu emphasized the necessity of using sunglasses and gave information about choosing the right sunglasses.
Nuhoğlu stated that sunglasses are an important necessity to protect eye health and pointed out that protecting from the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays and providing clarity of vision is only possible with the use of correct sunglasses.
Nuhoğlu stated that ultraviolet rays are extremely harmful to living tissues and that the risk of cancer increases in eyes exposed to these harmful rays.
“Ultraviolet rays are extremely harmful to living tissues and cause premature aging of the eye. The risk of developing cancer in the eyes, the skin around the eyes and the eyelids, as well as in the intraocular tissues, which are exposed to excessive UV rays, increases. UV rays can cause skin damage to the eyes, allergic conjunctivitis, It can cause damage to the cornea, which is the transparent layer of the eye, and the formation of cataracts.Also, it can cause permanent deterioration in the macula in the retina layer at the back of the eye, which is called the yellow spot, where visual acuity is provided at the highest level. Therefore, sunglasses increase the clarity of vision, It prevents fatigue. It also protects our eyes from harmful UV rays from the sun. Therefore, sunglasses should be used not only in summer, but also in winter and snowy weather. Protecting from the harmful effects of ultraviolet rays and providing clarity of vision is only possible with the use of the right sunglasses.”
“Using the wrong sunglasses is more harmful than not wearing them at all”
Assoc. Dr. Fadime Nuhoğlu emphasized that using wrongly selected sunglasses is more harmful than not wearing any sunglasses at all, adding, “Not all glasses with dark glasses filter UV rays. The eye has protection mechanisms such as squinting the eyelids and reducing the pupils to protect itself from UV rays. Sunglasses prevent these mechanisms from working, causing further damage to the eye. used the phrases.
Stating that sunglasses should comply with international norms such as EN, ANSI, TSE, Nuhoğlu made the following recommendations regarding sunglasses:
“Sunglasses should not break easily and be durable. Sunglasses may break while doing sports or other activities and may damage the eyes. They should be suitable for our intended use. They should not reduce our clarity of vision while driving, and should be in such a way that we can see traffic lights. The size of the frame and the thickness of the handles prevent UV from reaching the eye. Frames with a thickness that will prevent the entry of UV from the sides that do not touch the cheeks that rise above the eyebrows should be preferred. The UV filter feature of the glasses should not be below 70 percent, it is the healthiest to have it above 99 percent. “It does not show that it has UV filtering feature. The polarizing filter increases the clarity of vision by only keeping the rays reflected from the surface. This feature is beneficial for drivers and sailors, but it is not recommended for pilots using LED screens. Because polarized filter glasses prevent LED screens from being seen.”
Nuhoğlu pointed out that one of the most important criteria in the selection of sunglasses is the glass color, and stated that the most ideal sunglasses lens color is grey, brown and green.