Stating that digital processes, whose spread accelerated with the epidemic, reshaped the sociology of the family and changed the meaning of parenting, Dr. Derya Kavgaoğlu said, “It is an important risk that the parent ignores the time the child spends in front of the screen because he is tired or does not have time.”
OPPORTUNITIES AND RISKS TOGETHER
Stating that the concept of ‘Digital Parenting’, which started to find place in the literature since the beginning of the 21st century, gained popularity after the epidemic, Dr. Lecturer Derya Kavgaoğlu said, “Parenting theories, which have helped us understand child and parent relationships and have guided the solution of problems for years, today need to be rethinked within the digital context. While the digital world offers attractive development opportunities on the one hand, it also contains important risks on the other. “Digital platforms are a very important pedagogical tool for the academic development of children and young people when used correctly.”
Kavgaoğlu also stated that the teacher was the only source of information in the past and used the following statements:
“Now search engines give learners autonomy in accessing information. Instead of the passive consumption of scientific information with a didactic presentation, it is possible to make mental modeling with audio-visual stimuli in the digital environment. Understanding these possibilities with video-documentary instead of listening to a historical event with direct narration, to grasp physics, chemistry, mathematics knowledge that is difficult to design in the mind with an animation, to grasp new words learned in a different language by examining related web pages, photos, sound files, archeology-art history Because of his curiosity and interest, we can list them with examples such as taking a virtual tour in a historical museum. On the other hand, the uncontrolled use of the digital world also carries a risk in terms of the possibility of encountering inappropriate content such as pornography, fear and violence, being deceived, abused and cyberbullying by malicious person or persons. “
“PARENTS SHOULD GUIDE”
Stating that it is an important risk for the child to ignore the time spent in front of the screen because the parents are tired or do not have time, Kavgaoğlu said, “It it will find a way. If the screen time is not controlled with a healthy communication, this may lead to screen addiction. What the digital parent has to do is maximize opportunities and benefit in a world where opportunities exist on one side and risks on the other; It is to guide the risks and losses under control ”.
“MUST HAVE A ROLE MODEL”
Stating that counseling puts important responsibilities on the parents, Kavgaoğlu said, “What can be practically done in this area is to control the lack of information and to be the right role model for the functional use of the digital world. Most of our learning takes place through social cognitive processes. So we learn by observing. We model according to the positive and negative consequences of the behaviors near us, and we can demonstrate the same behavior immediately or at the appropriate time. In this sense, the parent-caregiver should be a role model in whatever digital attitude the child or young person wants. “He should pay attention to the time he stays on the screen, to the content he watches and how he interacts with that content,” he said.
“DON’T BE UMURSAMAZ”
Emphasizing that they should not be indifferent to the content that the child or young person follows, Kavgaoğlu said:
“Knowing which games he / she plays and which sites he / she spends more time on is very valuable information, even if understanding the basic motivation for the child to stay in these channels requires effort by the parents. It may contain clues about the child’s interest, ability, and skill. If a game with predominantly historical, mystical, artistic motifs or spends a lot of time in discussion groups where artificial intelligence, technology, and big data information are discussed, it will be a correct guide to develop an alternative to these platforms. It is especially important that in the near future, many traditional professions will be replaced by automation and professional competences will change synchronously, and it is very important not to ignore the interest skills of the child and the young person with the digital world and to be able to use it for their benefit.
Recalling that in order to increase the level of digital literacy, it is possible to access the guide documents published by the Information Technologies and Communication Authority and accessed on the internet, Kavgaoğlu said, “In addition to the parents’ own efforts, educational institutions also have a wide range of information from online information search to digital rights and responsibilities. It is important to bring it together with the parents, ”he said.